考試月歷

專題03 形容詞和副詞 -三年(2020-2022)高考英語真題分項匯編

專題03 形容詞和副詞 -三年(2020-2022)高考英語真題分項匯編專題03 形容詞和副詞 -三年(2020-2022)高考英語真題分項匯編三年(2020-2022)年高考真題分項匯編

專題03  形容詞和副詞  

2022年高考真題

1(2022新高考I卷)The GPNP’s main goal is to improve connectivity between separate populations and homes of giant pandas, and __________ (eventual)achieve a desired level of population in the wild.

答案:eventually

解析:考查副詞。句意:GPNP的主要目標是改善不同種群和大熊貓家園之間的聯系,最終達到理想的野生大熊貓數量水平。設空處后為動詞achieve,設空處應用副詞eventually作狀語,修飾動詞achieve。故填eventually。

 

2(2022全國甲卷)Cao believes this will make the hiking trip even more ___________ (meaning). 

答案:meaningful

解析:考查形容詞。句意:曹認為這將使這次徒步旅行更加有意義。此處是make復合結構,應用形容詞meaningful,作賓語補足語。故填meaningful。

 

3(2022全國甲卷)...and in 2016, he reached the top of Kilimanjaro, Africa’s _________ (high) mountain. 

答案:highest

解析:考查形容詞最高級。句意:在過去的五年中,曹穿越了六大洲的34個國家,2016年,他到達了乞力馬扎羅山頂,這是非洲最高的山峰。根據空前Africa’s可知,此處表示乞力馬扎羅山是非洲最高的山脈,應用形容詞最高級。故填highest。

 

4(2022全國乙卷)“As a main promoter of the International Tea Day, the birthplace of tea and the _________ (large) tea-producing country, China has a responsibility to work with other countries to promote the healthy development of the tea industry. 

答案:largest

解析:考查形容詞最高級。句意:中國是茶的發源地和最大產茶國,作為國際茶日的主要推動者,中國有責任與其他國家共同促進茶產業的健康發展。根據定冠詞the和常識可知,中國是最大產茶國,所以用形容詞的最高級形式。故填largest。

 

5(2022全國乙卷)It can help to build a community with a ___________ (share) future for mankind,” he said.

答案:shared

解析:考查非謂語動詞。句意:這有助于構建人類命運共同體。此處為非謂語動詞做定語來修飾名詞future。非謂語動詞share和名詞future之間為被動關系,所以用過去分詞作定語。故填shared。

 

6(2022年浙江卷1月)On a website called No Fly Climate Sci, for example, __________(rough 200 academics - many of them climate scientists have promised to fly as little as possible since the effort started two years ago.

答案:roughly

解析:考查副詞。句意:例如,在一個叫無飛行科學家的網站上,自從兩年前成立以來,大約有200個學者,他們中很多人承諾盡可能少飛行。此處修飾數字用副詞roughly“粗略地大約,故填roughly。

 

7.2022新高考卷)On the day of the accident, Mrs. Brown was at work and Eric was at home with his father. They both fell ___38___ (sleep) while watching TV.

答案:asleep

解析:考查形容詞。句意:他們倆看電視的時候都睡著了。根據句子結構可知,設空處應該填寫形容詞作表語。sleep為動詞,意為睡覺,其形容詞為asleep。fall asleep為固定搭配,意為熟睡的,asleep符合句意。故填asleep。

 

8.2022新高考卷)When he looked down, he ___40___ (accidental ) slipped and fell over the edge.

答案:accidentally    

解析:考查副詞。句意:當他往下看時,不小心滑了一跤,從懸崖邊上掉了下去。根據句子結構,設空處解析:應該填寫副詞修飾動詞slipped。accidental為形容詞,意為意外的,失誤的,其副詞為accidentally,意為意外地,失誤地,符合句意。故填accidentally。

 

 

 

 

2021年高考真題

1.(2021.6新高考1卷 語法填空)

The hot spring at the foot of the mountain is something you must try after the climb. It will      3      (undoubted) help you get refreshed!

【答案】undoubtedly

【解析】考查副詞。分析句子結構可知,空格所填詞應該修飾動詞help,故應用副詞形式。Undoubted 變副詞,直接在詞尾加ly。故填undoubtedly。

 

2.(2021.6新高考1卷 語法填空)

But that's how nature is—always leaving us      5      (astonish).

【答案】 astonished

【解析】考查非謂語動詞。此句中含有 "leave sb./sth. + adj." 結構, 表示 "使……處于某種狀態。因為賓語us與動詞astonish為被動關系,此處應該過去分詞形容詞astonished作賓語補足語,說明人的感受,意為 "感到吃驚的"。故填astonished。

 

3.(2021.6全國甲卷 語法填空)Supposedly you can do it in two hours, but we stopped at the different gates and watchtowers to take pictures or just to watch the local people going about their      10      (day) routines.

【答案】 daily

【解析】考查形容詞。此處表示 "觀察當地人的日常生活" ,修飾routines, 故用形容詞,故填daily。

 

4.(2021.6全國甲卷 語法填空)After spending some time looking at all the defensive equipment at the wall, we decided it was time for some action and what      5      (good) than to ride on a piece of history!

【答案】 better

【解析】考查形容詞的詞性轉換。根據句中 "than" 可知,應該填寫形容詞的比較級的形式,故填better。

 

5.(2021.6全國乙卷 語法填空)Provide      8      (finance) aid and other benefits for local peoples.

【答案】 financial

【解析】考查形容詞??涨盀閯釉~,空后為名詞,故判斷此空填形容詞形式修飾后面的名詞aid。因此應使用finance的形容詞形式financial。句意:為當地居民提供經濟幫助和其他益處。故填financial。

 

6.(2021.6 浙江卷 語法填空)

When the house was built, it was much      4      (small) than it is today.

【答案】smaller

【解析】考查形容詞的比較級,句中有than這個提示詞,much修飾比較級。句意:當房子建好時,它比現在要小得多。

 

7.(2021.1 浙江卷 語法填空) But 30 years later, the BMI difference between urban and rural people in many countries had narrowed      8      (sharp).

【答案】sharply

【解析】考查副詞。句意:30年后,很多國家的BMI數值的城鄉差異急劇下降。根據句子結構可知the BMI difference… had narrowed   (sharp). 修飾動詞narrow要用副詞,故答案為 sharply。

 

8.(2021.1 浙江卷 語法填空)This may be due to some disadvantages for people living in the countryside, including      10      (low) levels of income and education, higher costs of healthy foods, and fewer sports facilities.

【答案】lower

【解析】考查形容詞比較級。句意:鄉下的人條件差一些,包括更低的收入和教育水平,更高的健康食物花銷和更少的體育設施。分析句子結構可知levels of income and educationhigher costs of healthy foods, and fewer sports facilities. 是并列關系,前后結構要一致由higherfewer可知low要用形容詞比較級,故答案為lower。

 

9.(2021.6全國乙卷 改錯)What's most, doing housework can be a form of mentally relaxation from study.

【答案】把mentally改為mental

【解析】考查形容詞作定語。分析題目可知,此處應該用形容詞修飾后面的名詞relaxation。故把mentally改為mental。

 

10.(2021.3 天津卷 單選)As working from home becomes            common, people are finding it easier to combine parenthood with a full-time career.

A. increasingly      B. equally      C. nervously      D. confusingly

【答案】A

【解析】考查副詞辨析。句意:隨著在家工作變得越來越普遍,人們發現把為人父母和全職工作結合起來變得更容易了。A.increasingly越來越多地、不斷增加地;B.equally同樣地;C.nervously緊張地;D.confusingly令人困惑地。根據句意可知,本空應填increasingly。故選:A。

 

11.(2021.3 天津卷 單選)While rock-climbing, you need to remain very            so that you won't make any dangerous errors.

A. satisfied      B. focused      C. amused      D. delighted

【答案】B

【解析】考查形容詞辨析。句意:攀巖的時候,你需要保持專注,這樣你就不會犯任何危險的錯誤。A. satisfied滿意的;B. focused集中的;C. amused有趣的;D. delighted高興的。根據句意可知,本空應填focused。故選:B。

 

12.2021.6全國乙卷 語法填空)

It is different from traditional tourism because it allows the traveler to become      1      (educate) about the areas—both in terms of geographical conditions and cultural characteristics, and often provides money for conservation and benefits the development of the local areas.

【答案】educated

【解析】考查形容詞作表語。根據空前為become可知,空格處所填詞應作become的表語。句意:這與傳統的旅游業不同,因為它可以使游客了解到這些區域的一些知識。故填educated。

 

 

2020年高考真題

1.2020·新課標I卷語法填空)Landing on the moon’s far side is   62   (extreme) challenging.

【答案】extremely

【解析】考查副詞。句意:登錄月球的背面是極其有挑戰性的??仗幮揎椥稳菰~challenging,應使用extreme的副詞形式,故填extremely。

2.2020·新課標I卷語法填空)Landing on the moon’s far side is   62   (extreme) challenging.

【答案】extremely

【解析】考查副詞。句意:登錄月球的背面是極其有挑戰性的??仗幮揎椥稳菰~challenging,應使用extreme的副詞形式,故填extremely。

3.2020·新課標II卷語法填空)Bamboo: Chinese love their “Lucky Bamboo” plants and you will see them often in their homes and office.   66   (certain) during the holiday period, this plant is a must.

【答案】Certainly

【解析】考查副詞。句意:當然在假期期間,這種植物是絕對必要的事物。介詞短語做時間狀語,因此只有改變成副詞才能復合句子結構,用副詞形式做狀語。故填Certainly。

4.2020·新課標II卷語法填空)The   69   (beauty) long branches covered with pink-colored buds (蓓蕾) make fantastic decorations.

【答案】beautiful

【解析】考查形容詞。句意:美麗的長枝上覆蓋著粉紅色的花蕾,做成漂亮的裝飾。修飾名詞branches,用形容詞形式。故填beautiful。

5.2020·新課標II卷短文改錯)I’m surely you’ll have a good time.

【答案】將surely改為sure

【解析】考查形容詞。句意:我相信你會玩得很開心的。分析句子,此處be動詞am后面需用形容詞作表語。故將surely改為sure。

6.2020·新課標II卷短文改錯)Then I can spare some time to learn it again, such that we can practice together on every day.

【答案】將such改為so

【解析】考查副詞。句意:然后我就可以抽出時間重新學習它,這樣我們就可以每天一起練習。分析句子,此處應表示以便;所以。故將such改為so。

7.2020·新課標II卷短文改錯)See you sooner.

【答案】將sooner改為soon

【解析】考查固定短語。句意:希望盡快見到你。See you soon 譯為希望盡快見到你,是固定短語。此處不需用比較級。故將sooner改為soon。

8.2020·新課標III卷語法填空)One day the emperor wanted to get his portrait (畫像) done so he called all great artists to come and present their 62 (fine) work, so that he could choose the best.

【答案】finest

【解析】考查最高級。句意:一天,皇帝想讓人給他畫一幅肖像,于是他把所有偉大的畫家都請來,展示他們最好的作品,以便他挑選最好的。結合句意,皇帝想要畫家最好的作品,表示最好的此處應用形容詞最高級finest。故填finest。

9.2020·新課標III卷語法填空)As the small boat moved, 68 (gentle) along the river he was left speechless by the mountains being silently reflected in the water.

【答案】gently

【解析】考查副詞。句意:當小船緩緩地沿著江面移動時,山在水中的倒影使他說不出話來。此處修飾動詞moved應用副詞gently作狀語,表示緩緩地。故填gently。

10. 2020·江蘇卷單項填空)The outbreak of Covid-19 has meant an _____ change in our life and work.

A. absurd B. abrupt C. allergic D. authentic

【答案】B

【解析】考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:新冠肺炎疫情的爆發,給我們的生活和工作帶來了一個突然的變化。A. absurd荒謬的;B. abrupt突然的;C. allergic過敏的;D. authentic真實的。根據常識可知,新冠肺炎疫情給我們的生活和工作帶來了一個突然的變化。故選B。

11.2020·天津卷單項填空)According to Professor Johnson, we don’t have to read the book if we don’t want to, as it is ______.

Aworthwhile Bnecessary Coptional Dserious

【答案】C

【解析】考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:根據約翰遜教授的說法,如果我們不想讀這本書,就不必讀,因為它是可選擇的。A. worthwhile值得的;B. necessary必要的;C. optional 可選擇的,選修的;D. serious嚴肅的,認真的。根據“we don’t have to read the book if we don’t want to”可知,這本書讀不讀都可以,由此可知,它是可選擇的。故選C。

12.2020·山東卷語法填空)In the 18th and 19th centuries,   36 (wealth) people travelled and collected plants, historical objects and works of art.

【答案】wealthy

【解析】考查形容詞。句意:1819世紀,富人旅行并收集植物、歷史物品和藝術品。此處修飾名詞people,應使用形容詞,做定語。故填wealthy。

2019年高考真題

1.2019·江蘇卷·單項填空】28.Unlike traditional gyms, app-backed gyms offer people ___________ options to exercise.

A. casual B. regular C. flexible D. tight

【答案】C

【解析】考查形容詞辨析。句意:不像傳統的體育鍛煉,有app軟件的體育鍛煉提供了靈活的鍛煉選項。A. casual偶然的,隨便的;B. regular定期的,有規律的;C. flexible靈活的;D. tight緊的,密封的。故選C。

2.2019·新課標I·語法填空】It is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the range has been  ___62___ (poor) studied; however, biologists calculate that there are about 20,000-25,000 polar bears worldwide.

【答案】poorly

【解析】考查副詞用法。根據句意和結構分析可知,此處用副詞poorly修飾謂語動詞has been studied,意為研究很少。故填poorly。

3.2019·新課標II·語法填空】Her years of hard work have ___63___(final)been acknowledged after a customer nominated(提名)her to be Cheshire's Woman Of The Year.

【答案】finally

【解析】考查副詞用法。根據空格所處位置可知,此處應用副詞形式作狀語,修飾謂語動詞have been acknowledged,意為最終得以認可,故填finally。

4.2019·新課標III·語法填空】On our way to the house,it was raining ___61___ hard that we couldn't help wondering how long it would take to get (get)there. It was in the middle of Pearl City.

【答案】so

【解析】考查副詞。句意:在我們去那座房子的路上,雨下得如此大以至于我們不能不想還要多久才能到達那里。“so…that…”意為如此……以至于……”,引導結果狀語從句。故填so。

5. 2019·新課標I·語法填空)Scientists have responded by  __noting__ (note) that hungry bears may be congregating(聚集) around human settlements, leading to the illusion(錯覺) that populations are ___68___ (high) than they actually are.

【答案】higher

【解析】考查形容詞的比較級。根據其后than they actually are可知,此處為形容詞的比較級,故填higher。

6.2019·新課標I·短文改錯】I became interesting in playing football thanks to a small accident.

【答案】interesting改為interested

【解析】考查形容詞用法。interest(使感興趣;使關注)的形容詞有interesting(使人感興趣的)常修飾物;與interested(表現出興趣的)常修飾人。本句的意思為:多虧一個偶然的事件,我對踢足球產生了興趣。主語是I,故將interesting改為interested。

7.2019·新課標II·短文改錯】One was that I was amazing at the fact that a sick person could feel much better after seeing a doctor.

【答案】amazing改為amazed

【解析】考查形容詞用法。amaze(使驚奇;使驚愕)形容詞形式有amazed(大為驚奇)與amazing(令人大為驚奇的)。本句話中主語為I,句意:病人看完醫生就會感覺好很多,對此我感到驚奇,而不是我令別人驚奇。故將amazing改為amazed。

2018年高考真題

1.2018·江蘇】34. Despite the poor service of the hotel, the manager is _______ to invest in sufficient training for his staff.

A. keen        B. reluctant

C. anxious        D. ready

【答案】B

【解析】考查形容詞詞義辨析及語境理解。句意:盡管旅館服務不好,經理還不愿投入為員工提供足夠的培訓。A. keen敏銳的;B. reluctant不情愿的;C. anxious渴望的;D. ready準備好的。故選B。

點睛:本題側重考查在特定的語境中辨析形容詞詞義的能力。因此,考生必須充分利用這一特定語境。同時,考生應注意多積累由形容詞組成的固定短語。本題中4個選擇項中都可以與to連用。be keen to渴望;be reluctant to不情愿做;be anxious to急于;be ready to樂意,再分析句意可以得出答案。

2.2018·新課標I·語法填空】According to a review of evidence in a medical journal, runners live three years   61  (long) than non-runners.

【答案】 longer

【解析】考查副詞的比較級。醫學報告顯示:經常跑步的人比不跑步的人多活3年。根據than可知用比較級,故填longer。

3.2018·新課標I··短文改錯】I felt happily that their life had improved.

【答案】happily改成happy  

【解析】考查形容詞作表語。他們的生活有了很大提高,我感到很高興。此處形容詞作表語,故將happily改成happy。

4.2018·新課標II·語法填空】A taste for meat is ___63___ (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle.

【答案】 actually

【解析】考查副詞。句意:對肉的需求實際上是這種變化的背后原因。句子結構完整,用副詞修飾句子。故填actually。

4.2018·新課標II·語法填空】According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total ___67___ (globe)fertilizer consumption.

【答案】 global

【解析】句意:中國約占全球化肥總消費量的30%。fertilizer consumption是名詞短語,故應該用形容詞修飾。故填global。

5.2018·新課標III·語法填空】He screams the___63___(loud)of all. The noise shakes the trees as the male beats his chest and charges toward me.

【答案】 loudest

【解析】考查最高級。根據后面的of all可知,他聲音最大,所以用最高級loudest。

5.201·浙江卷·語法填空】There could be an even   63   (high) cost on your health.

【答案】higher

【解析】考查形容詞比較級。此處修飾名詞cost用形容詞,由even表示程度修飾比較級,故填higher。

 

2017年高考真題

2017·江蘇卷】29. Only five years after Steve Jobs’ death ,smart –phones defeated _______ PCs in sales.

A. controversial         B. contradictory       C. confidential        D. conventional  

【答案】D

專題03 形容詞和副詞 -三年(2020-2022)高考英語真題分項匯編 

考點:考查形容詞的辨析

2017·江蘇卷】34. The disappearance of dinosaurs is not necessarily caused by astronomical incidents. But _______ explanations are hard to find.

A. alternative          B. aggressive          C. ambiguous         D. apparent

【答案】A

【解析】

試題分析:考查形容詞的辨析。A. alternative可供替代的;B. aggressive好斗的,有進取心的;C. ambiguous

有野心的,耗時的;D. apparent顯而易見的。句意:恐龍的消失未必是由天體災害引起的,但是也很難找

到其它的解釋。故選A。

考點:考查形容詞的辨析

2017·天津卷】3. —I want to see Mr. White. We have an appointment.

—I’m sorry, but he is not ________ at the moment, for the meeting hasn’t ended.

A. busy    B. active    C. concerned   D. available

【答案】D

專題03 形容詞和副詞 -三年(2020-2022)高考英語真題分項匯編 

考點:考查形容詞。

【名師點睛】英語中形容詞的考查主要是考查形容詞的詞義辨析和對語境的理解。本句中的語境很明顯,根據空前的對不起和空后的原因的解釋,說明懷特先生沒有空,即現在很忙。

 

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