考試月歷

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

英語解析版英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

(考試時間:120分鐘  試卷滿分:150分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

注意事項:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

1. 答卷前,考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在答題卡和試卷指定位置上。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2. 回答選擇題時,選出每小題答案后,用鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號?;卮鸱沁x擇題時,將答案寫在答題卡上,寫在本試卷上無效。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

3. 考試結束后,將本試卷和答題卡一并交回。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第一節(共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

1.At what time will the man's daughter see a doctor?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A 11:15. B. 1:45. C.1:50.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Hello! I want to make an appointment with Dr. Williams.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: OK. Dr. Williams has two free times today, 11:15 and 1:45. Which one do you prefer?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

м: My daughter is sick, so the earlier the better.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2 .What happened to the woman on her way to the farm?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A . Her car was damaged. B. She lost her car.C.She was hit by a car.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Yesterday when I drove to the farm, my car hit a tree.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Oh, no! Are you OK? Did you hurt yourself? 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: I'm fine, but the car was damaged.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

3.What instrument does Harry play?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. The piano. B. The guitar. C.The violin.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Is that Harry I can hear on the piano?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: That's his sister. She plays the violin as well. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Does Harry play anything?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: He's not bad at the guitar. He doesn't practice enough, though.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

4.How did the man know about this year's Cookery Club?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. From the woman. B. From the website. C. From Mr. Bath.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Cindy, did you know Cookery Club's starting again this year?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Really? Is it on Wednesday, like last year?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: No, Friday. Mr. Bath told me to tell everyone and he said we could visit the website to find more information.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

5.What are the two speakers talking about?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. A shop.  B. A cinema.  C.A restaurant.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: We haven't been to Greenbacks for ages. The ticket is a bit expensive, but their service is quite good.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Too right. Their screen isn't that big, but at least they 've got comfortable chairs.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第二節15小題;每小題1.5,滿分22.5英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

6.Where are the speakers probably?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. At the Customs. B. At a garage.  C.At a police station.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

7.What did the man buy for his sisters wedding party?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. Bottles of beer. B.Cigarettes.  C.Red wine.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Good afternoon, sir.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Good afternoon.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: I doubt if you've been far, sir?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: No, I haven't been far.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Could you be more clear, sir? Where exactly have you been?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: I don't know what the place is called it's a little town on the coast about twenty kilometers from Calais.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Hmm, I see, sir. Did you buy any alcohol or cigarettes during the trip? You know, 6they re limited to a certain number to be brought in from other countries.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Yes, I know. But I didn't buy much. 7My sister's getting married next week, so I just went over to buy her a few bottles of red wine. We're having a party after the wedding.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Well, if you don't mind, I'm going to have a look in the back of the car. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

聽第7段材料,回答第8、9題。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

8.What relation is the woman to Paul Green?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A His wife.      B His secretary.    C His customer.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

9.What does the man want Paul Green to do?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. Give him some information on the meeting.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. Solve the problems of the new software.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. Put off the meeting until Wednesday.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Hello, Marketing.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Hello, this is John Brown speaking. Can I speak to Paul Green, please?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Oh, I'm sorry, but he's in London this afternoon. Can I help?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Yes, please. I need to leave a message to him. I'm calling about the meeting. I've been having some serious problems with the new software. 9Can you ask Paul if we can put off the meeting and have it on Wednesday?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Well, the best I can do is call him at home this evening.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Thanks. By the way, I'm not available this evening. Could you ask him to call my home number and leave the message with my wife?!英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: OK, no problem.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

聽第8段材料,回答第1012題。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

10. Where are the speakers?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. At the man's office.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. At a bus stop.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. On a bus.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

11. What aspect of the bus service does the woman suggest improving?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. The time.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. The ticket price.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. The comfort level.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

12. What does the woman find dissatisfying?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. The drivers are impolite.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. There are too many old buses.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. The buses are dirty on the way home.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Excuse me, madam, 10would you mind answering some questions about this bus route, 767?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Will it take long? 10I get off in about 15 minutes.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: It shouldn't take more than 5 minutes.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: OK.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Thanks. Well, how often do you travel this bus route?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: I use this route daily. To work and back.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: OK. 11About the bus service. Is the bus on time? And what about the comfort level?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Well. About the time, it used to be good, but during the last few weeks it's been very unreliable. It should be improved as soon as possible. And some of the buses are very comfortable except the older ones.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: What about the cost?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: I think the cost is fair.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: Is the bus clean?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Usually it's fairly clean in the morning, 12but it's quite dirty on the way home. It's rally annoying.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: What do you think of the staff?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Rally good. The drivers are always polite,e and sometimes the passengers can be very difficult.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: OK. Thank you very much.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

聽第9段材料,回答第1316英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

13. Why won't the boy join the football team this year?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. He dislikes having too much practice.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. He wants to try something new.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. He didn't do well in it.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

14. What does the girl want to do?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. Play a sport.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. Practice music often.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. Have more time for rest.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

15. What does the boy think of dancing?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. It is for girls only.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. It is useless.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. It is suitable for him.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

16. What club will the boy join?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. The music club.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. The cooking club.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. The dance group.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: Which school club do you want to join this year'? Have you made your decision?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: I don't know. 13I was in the football team last year but I want to try something else.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: You played a lot of football last year. Do you want to play another sport?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: I'm not sure. What about you? Which club will you choose?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W:As you know, I'm not very sporty. I want to stay in the school music club but they practice twice a week.14 I want to have more time to relax.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: How about the dance group? They only practice once a week. Then you ll have more time to relax.W: What a great idea! Dancing is lots of fun and it's good for our health, too. Why don't you join the dance group with me?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M:Hmm..15Isn't dancing for girls only?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

W: You're kidding. There are many good male dancers in the world. It is never for females only.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: 16I think I'm going to join the cooking club. I love food, and cooking is a useful skill.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

聽第10段材料,回答第1720題。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

17. How long should people put their burnt hands in cool sill water?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. About 20 minutes.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. About 12 minutes.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. About 10 minutes.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

18. How should people bring down the temperature?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. By keeping warm.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. By taking a bath.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. By shutting the window.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

19. What should people do to deal with backaches?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. Keep moving gently.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. Lift some heavy boxes.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. Go to bed and rest until it gets better.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

20. What is the speaker mainly discussing?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A. Situations calling for first aid.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B. Mistakes in dealing with injuries.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C. Simple treatment for some situations.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

M: OK, today I'd like to talk something about first aid. Well, if you burn your hand,17 you should put it in cool water, for at least minutes. If you are using running water, that makes a difference. Maybe 10 minutes is enough. For a fever, well I know people often think they should keep warm, but actually it is important to let your body get cool, so really the best thing is to open the window and let the wind in, 18or even get in a bath to bring the temperature down. Now the thing about backache is that the ideas have changed. It certainly used to be true in the old days that you had to go to bed and lie down, but of course that's not going to help your muscles. You'll find it even more difficult to move if you don't use them at all, 19so now we recommend that you keep moving, gently, of course. We don't want you to go and lift heavy boxes or anything like that.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第二部分  閱讀理解共兩節,滿分40英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第一節 15小題;每小題2,滿分30英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、CD四個選項中,選出最佳選項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用) 

Lord of the FliesAn airplane evacuating schoolboys from Britain during World War II is shot down over a remote tropical area. Two boys, Ralph and Piggy find the other surviving boys and begin to organize the group. As time passes, rivalries are formed, rules are broken and civilized behavior has turned savage. Lord of the Flies is a classic study on human nature, adolescence, and competition by William Golding.

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用) 

The Adventures of Huckleberry FinnHuck Finn, Tom Sawyer’s best friend, stakes out his own adventure in this classic coming-of-age tale. Tired of trying to be good and fearful of his drunken father, Huck Finn runs away and takes Jim, a man who has escaped enslavement, with him. Together they sail down the Mississippi River on a raft and experience dangerous as well as comical adventures along the way. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an enduring classic.

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用) 

A Separate PeaceA friendship forms between two boys attending a New England boarding school during World War IL. Gene, smart and socially awkward, draws the attention of Phineas, a handsome, athletic and outgoing boy. The two become friends, but war and rivalry lead to a tragic accident. John Knowles is the author of A Separate Peace, a classic story about friendship and adolescence.

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用) 

Of Mice and MenBest friends Lennie and George travel from farm to farm in California looking for work while trying to avoid trouble. Although both men are good workers and have dreams of owning their own farm, they never stay at one job long because of Lennie. Lennie is a simple-minded gentle giant who doesn’t know his own strength and often gets into trouble. When tragedy strike, George must make am awful decision that will alter the plans he and Lennie have made for their future. Of Mice and Men is a classic John Steinbeck story about migrant workers and the downtrodden surviving the Great Depression.

 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

21Which pair of books covers the subjects of adolescence and competition?AOf Mice and Men and Lord of the Flies英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BLord of the Flies and A Separate Peace英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Lord of the Flies英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DA Separate Peace and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

22What often upsets George’s plan for the future?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AGeorge’s tendency to get into trouble. BLennie’s dependence on George.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CLennie’s inability to manage his own strength. DGeorge’s identity as a migrant worker.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

23Which of the four books includes the element of humor?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

ALord of the Flies BA Separate Peace英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

COf Mice and Men DThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】21B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

22C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

23D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

這是一篇應用文。文章主要介紹了四本書,包括內容簡介和作者等。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

21英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據Lord of the Flies部分關鍵句Lord of the Flies is a classic study on human nature, adolescence, and competition by William Golding.”Lord of the FliesWilliam Golding關于人性、青春期和競爭的經典作品。)可知,Lord of the Flies是一部關于人性、青春期和競爭的經典作品;根據A Separate Peace部分關鍵句“The two become friends, but war and rivalry lead to a tragic accident. John Knowles is the author of A Separate Peace, a classic story about friendship and adolescence.”(兩人成了朋友,但戰爭和競爭導致了一場悲劇。John KnowlesA Separate Peace的作者,這是一部關于友誼和青春期的經典故事。)可知,A Separate Peace也講了競爭,是一部關于友誼和青春期的經典故事,由此可知,涵蓋了青春期和競爭的主題的兩本書是Lord of the FliesA Separate Peace。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

22英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據Of Mice and Men部分關鍵句“Lennie is a simple-minded gentle giant who doesn’t know his own strength and often gets into trouble. When tragedy strike, George must make am awful decision that will alter the plans he and Lennie have made for their future.”Lennie是一個頭腦簡單、溫柔的巨人,他不知道自己的力量,經常陷入困境。當悲劇發生時,George必須做出一個可怕的決定,這將改變他和Lennie為他們的未來所做的計劃。)可知,因為巨人Lennie無法管理自己的力量,所以經常打亂喬治的未來計劃。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

23英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn部分關鍵句“Together they sail down the Mississippi River on a raft and experience dangerous as well as comical adventures along the way.”(他們一起乘木筏沿著密西西比河航行,一路上經歷了危險和滑稽的冒險。)可知,這本書中描述了危險和滑稽的冒險,由此可知,The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn包含了幽默元素。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Praised as the “Edgar Snow of a New Era”, British journalist Andrew Moody devoted himself to accurately reporting on China for over a decade.   Born in Nottinghamshire in September 1960, Moody’s interest in journalism began at age 15. What came next was a storied career that would last 4 decades. A visit to Shenzhen, Guangdong province, in 1997 turned his attention to China. During that visit, he was surprised by the great changes that had taken place in China. Moody began working for China Daily in 2008. In his 13 years at the paper, he published more than 1 million words in the newspaper group’s different publications.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

“These stories aim to explain to a wider audience the strategies(策略)and aims of the Chinese government, and also look at the challenges and difficulties it faces,” Moody wrote. “I also attach importance to issues which go largely ignored in the mainstream Western media, and which often fail to provide a full or true image(形象)of China.”英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

To better cover China, Moody read a lot. In his Beijing apartment, there were more than 160 books about the nation. Su Qiang, a China Daily editor who worked with Moody for 8 years, said, “He had read all the books that top experts had written about China, and he closely followed how the world viewed China.” Moody also learned to speak Mandarin, traveled to most provinces and autonomous regions throughout China and exposed himself to the Chinese way of life.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

“China is moving into a new era in which it is much more confident about its position and status in the world. I have a definite sense of history in the making,” said Moody. He hoped that he could be one of the witnesses and reporters of this historic time.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

“So even when he was suffering from a serious disease, Moody still soldiered on. All he cared about was whether he could keep on working,” said Wang Liping, Moody’s attending doctor.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

When he passed away in June 2021, many people were sad. “His death will be a huge loss to those who are working hard on the dialogue between China and the outside world,” said Kerry Brown, a professor of Chinese Studies at King’s College London.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

24What can be known about Andrew Moody?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AHe moved to China to work in 1997.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BHe reported on China for four decades.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CHe considered Edgar Snow to be his role model.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DHe began to show interest in journalism as a teenager.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

25What did Moody do when he was working for China Daily?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AHe drew a wider audience to the newspaper.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BHe reported on the typical Chinese way of life.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CHe accurately introduced China to more people.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DHe communicated with the mainstream Western media.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

26What did Moody’s attending doctor think of him?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AFearless. BDevoted. COptimistic. DAmbitious.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

27What is the purpose of the author in writing this passage?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

ATo praise an honorable foreign journalist.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BTo describe Moody’s colorful life in China.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CTo correct Western media’s impression of China.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DTo show an accurate image of China to the outside world.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】24D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

25C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

26B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

27A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

本文為一篇記敘文,介紹了一位致力于準確報道中國的外國記者Andrew Moody的生平事跡。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

24英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據文章第一段關鍵句“Born in Nottinghamshire in September 1960, Moody’s interest in journalism began at age 15.”(穆迪19609月出生于諾丁漢郡,15歲時就開始對新聞工作產生興趣。)可知,Andrew Moody青少年時就開始對新聞工作感興趣。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

25英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據文章第一段關鍵句“Praised as the “Edgar Snow of a New Era”, British journalist Andrew Moody devoted himself to accurately reporting on China for over a decade.”(英國記者安德魯·穆迪被譽為新時代的埃德加·斯諾,十多年來致力于準確報道中國。)和“Moody began working for China Daily in 2008. In his 13 years at the paper, he published more than 1 million words in the newspaper group’s different publications.”(穆迪從2008年開始為《中國日報》工作。在他任職該報的13年里,他在該報集團的不同出版物上發表了超過100萬字的文章。)及第二段Moody所寫的話并結合第三段關鍵句“To better cover China, Moody read a lot.”(為了更好地報道中國,穆迪讀了很多書。)可知,當Moody為《中國日報》工作時,他精準地向更多的人介紹了中國。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

26英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據文章倒數第二段關鍵句““So even when he was suffering from a serious disease, Moody still soldiered on. All he cared about was whether he could keep on working,” said Wang Liping, Moody’s attending doctor.”所以,即使穆迪得了嚴重的疾病,他仍然堅持下去。他只關心自己能否繼續工作。穆迪的主治醫生王麗萍說。)可知,Moody的主治醫生認為他熱愛并專注于工作。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

27英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據文章第一段關鍵句“Praised as the “Edgar Snow of a New Era”, British journalist Andrew Moody devoted himself to accurately reporting on China for over a decade.”(英國記者安德魯·穆迪被譽為新時代的埃德加·斯諾,十多年來致力于準確報道中國。)及最后一段關鍵句“His death will be a huge loss to those who are working hard on the dialogue between China and the outside world”(他的去世對那些致力于中國與外部世界對話的人來說是一個巨大的損失)可知,作者寫這篇文章是為了贊揚一位值得尊敬的外國記者。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Do you like to keep fit? We’re always told that regular exercise is good for our body and mind. More and more people are taking up activities that improve their fitness. But is there a risk some of us might get addicted and overdo it?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Well, for some people, fitness has become an addiction as they aim for perfection. And fitness trackers and apps can add to it, especially if someone is driven by achievement and perfectionism. And sharing data on social media means exercising becomes public and competitive, which could cause problems in someone who is delicate. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Experts say this can lead to a medical condition called orthorexia nervosa, or addiction to ‘healthy’ eating and over-exercise. Untreated, it can lead to nutritional disorder and mental health confusion. According to a Worklife article:“Research from scientists at University College London in 2017 found that higher social media usage was associated with increased likelihood of developing orthorexia, especially among followers of the ‘healthy eating’ influencers.”英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Too much exercise can also take its toll on someone’s physical health as well. Symptoms of over-exercising include injuries such as sprained ankle, tendinitis (腱炎) and a low immune system. So how much exercise is too much? Research by the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found the ideal pace to jog was about eight kilometres per hour—and that it was best to jog no more than three times a week or for 2.5 hours in total, showing that moderate jogging is possibly more beneficial than being inactive or undertaking fierce jogging. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

If you’re more of a couch potato, this might sound like good news. But for amateur who can’t help but push their bodies to the limit, the advice from Martin Turner, a sports and exercise psychologist, is, “it’s all about letting go, not being addicted, learning not to control everything, saying, ‘You don’t need to be perfect. ’”英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

28What may result in fitness addiction according to the passage?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

ASome people are going too far in pursuing sports outcome.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BPeople are addicted to fitness trackers and apps.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CSocial media make delicate people public and competitive,英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DA growing number of people are participating in sports to improve fitness.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

29What do we know about “orthorexia nervosa” according to Paragraph 3?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AIt will surely lead to both mental and physical disorder.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BPeople who strictly follow healthy eating are more likely to suffer from it.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CIt is because of the usage of social media.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DIt means people eat healthily and exercise regularly.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

30What’s the possible meaning of the underlined word “take its toll on” in Paragraph 4?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

ABe beneficial to. BDepend on.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CHave an influence on. DDo damage to.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

31What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AThe best way to exercise is to jog.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BFor couch potatoes, you can choose either inactive or fierce jogging.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CThe ideal pace to jog is three times a week and 2.5 hours in total.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DAdvice to non-professionals is not to push yourselves too hard.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】28A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

29B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

30D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

31D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

這是一篇說明文。主要介紹了過度健身會對健康有害,非專業人士在運動的時候適量即可,不要太過于強迫自己。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

28英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據第二段“Well, for some people, fitness has become an addiction as they aim for perfection. And fitness trackers and apps can add to it, especially if someone is driven by achievement and perfectionism. And sharing data on social media means exercising becomes public and competitive, which could cause problems in someone who is delicate.”(對一些人來說,健身已經成為一種上癮,因為他們追求完美。健身追蹤器和應用程序也可以添加到這個功能中,特別是當一個人受到成就和完美主義的驅使時。在社交媒體上分享數據意味著鍛煉變得公開和有競爭性,這可能會給脆弱的人帶來問題)可知,健身成癮主要是因為有些人過度追求完美,在追求運動成績方面走得太遠了。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

29英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據第三段“higher social media usage was associated with increased likelihood of developing orthorexia, especially among followers of the ‘healthy eating’ influencers.”(社交媒體的使用率越高,患orthorexia的可能性越高,尤其是在健康飲食影響者的追隨者中)推知,嚴格遵守健康飲食習慣的人更可能患有orthorexia nervosa。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

30英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

詞句猜測題。根據第四段“Symptoms of over-exercising include injuries such as sprained ankle, tendinitis (腱炎) and a low immune system.”(過度運動的癥狀包括腳踝扭傷、肌腱炎和免疫系統低下)可知,過度運動會對身體造成不良影響,推測劃線部分take its toll on表示……造成傷害,與Do damage to同義。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

31英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據最后一段“it’s all about letting go, not being addicted, learning not to control everything, saying, ‘You don’t need to be perfect.’”(一切都要放手,不要上癮,學會不控制一切,說你不需要完美)可知,在運動的時候適量即可,不可過度追求完美,非專業人士不要太過于強迫自己。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

I’m retiring from teaching and will enjoy family life with my wife and grandchildren. Recalling my teaching career, I have a lot to share, but one thing is for sure: Teachers learn just as much from students as students learn from teachers. Here are a few of the things I have learned in my job.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Roger was physically and mentally delayed. About once a month, we would have a dance in our classroom. Roger was awkward and ashamed when it came to asking a girl to dance with him. But once, I noticed that Roger was slow dancing with Leah, one of the most popular girls in the class.He had the biggest smile on his face. The next day, when Roger left my classroom to work with his support teacher, I praised Leah for inviting Roger to dance. That simple act of including him in a slow dance was such a great move. At our next dance, Roger asked Leah and every girl in the class to dance. No one turned him down. Leah taught me about the kindness of a simple act and its great effect.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

It was Serena who showed us what bravery was about. Serena was our play’s narrator (旁白員). She was scared she would forget her lines. “If you do,” I advised, “pause, stare at the audience and take time to remember. The audience will think it’s part of the play.” Halfway through the opening night, Serena forgot her lines. She stared out at the 300 people gathered in the gym. After what seemed like forever, Serena remembered. After the performance, she burst into tears backstage, thinking she had let everybody down. When our principal came back to congratulate our cast, she turned to Serena and said her pause worked so well. Little did she know about Serena’s little act of bravery.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Teachers spend hours making lessons to teach skills and knowledge. We adjust lessons, keep the good and throw out the bad. A good teacher listens to and learns from students and often it has nothing to do with the curriculum.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

32How did Roger feel in the class dance at first?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AEmbarrassed. BSurprised. CConfident. DDelighted.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

33Which of the following words can best describe Leah?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

ACreative and funny. BClever and brave.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CHumorous and patient. DKind and likeable.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

34Why did Serena cry after the performance?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AShe felt she had disappointed others.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BShe was praised for her good performance.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CShe was blamed for saying the wrong lines.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DShe was extremely happy she had finished the task.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

35What does the author want to express in this passage?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

AHe is proud of being a teacher.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BStudents should be kind and brave.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CHe is unwilling to retire from teaching.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DTeachers should also learn from students.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】32A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

33D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

34A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

35D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

本文為一篇夾敘夾議文。作者分享了自己教學過程中的經歷,想要表達老師也應該向學生學習的觀點。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

32英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據文章第二段關鍵句“Roger was awkward and ashamed when it came to asking a girl to dance with him.(當要請一個女孩和他跳舞時,羅杰感到尷尬和羞愧)”可知,羅杰一開始在班級舞會上感到很尷尬。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

33英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據文章第二段關鍵句“But once, I noticed that Roger was slow dancing with Leah, one of the most popular girls in the class. He had the biggest smile on his face.(但是有一次,我注意到羅杰正在和莉婭慢舞,莉婭是班上最受歡迎的女孩之一。他臉上掛著最燦爛的笑容)”“Leah taught me about the kindness of a simple act and its great effect.( 莉婭教會了我,簡單的善舉會產生巨大的影響)”可知,莉婭是善良且令人喜愛的。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

34英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據文章第三段關鍵句“After the performance, she burst into tears backstage, thinking she had let everybody down.(演出結束后,她在后臺哭了起來,以為自己讓大家失望了)”可知,Serena在表演后哭了是因為她覺得讓其他人失望了。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

35英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據文章第一段關鍵句“Teachers learn just as much from students as students learn from teachers.(老師從學生身上學到的東西和學生從老師身上學到的東西一樣多)”及最后一段關鍵句“A good teacher listens to and learns from students and often it has nothing to do with the curriculum.(一個好的老師傾聽學生并向學生學習,這通常與課程無關)”可知,作者認為老師也應該向學生學習。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第二節 (共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Ways to protect yourself online英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

People often feel a sense of unknown and separation while on their computer. However, the online world exposes individuals to a wide range of possible dangers. Yet, by taking a few measures, being on the internet need not become a potential danger. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Security英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Whether you get online to visit with loved ones, surf the web or complete financial transactions(業務), your computer must be secure. ____36____ . However, for added protection, you must install software that prevents viruses from infecting your device. Otherwise, hackers may be able to also obtain your passwords and get into your online accounts. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Password Wisdom英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

The more complicated the password, the harder you make it for hackers to decode. Recommended passwords often contain upper and lower case letters along with numbers and symbols. ____37____ . IT techs also advise that you change your password every month or so to heighten the security. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

____38____ 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

If shopping online or making other financial transactions, make sure the website has safety features. Safe websites typically have an "https" address and a closed padlock somewhere on the page. Still, make sure the page is safe by clicking on the padlock. There should be a security certificate displayed. Check the “issued to" pop-up window(彈窗)to ensure that the issuance(發布)matches the page. ____39____ . 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Download Dangers英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

When you download a file, game or program, you are at risk for additionally getting viruses or unwanted software. ____40____ . These programs may then gain access to files on your computer or follow your keystrokes(按鍵)to sites and gain access by learning your passwords.ASelect Websites Carefully英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

BMany sites have hidden programs within applications英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

CUse with caution when connecting your mobile devices at airports or in hotels英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

DIf not, you are on a phishing site(釣魚網站)that will steal personal information英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

EIf possible, write your passwords down and keep them in a safe place英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

FWhen conducting business online done, make sure to log out of the site英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

GMake sure security updates are regularly installed(安裝)and the firewall is working英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】36G英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

37E英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

38A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

39D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

40B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

這是一篇說明文。主要介紹了使上網不會成為潛在危險的措施。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

36英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

下文“However, for added protection, you must install software that prevents viruses from infecting your device.”(但是,為了增加保護,您必須安裝防止病毒感染設備的軟件。)說明在常規保護措施之外,還必須安裝防止病毒入侵的軟件以增加保護,所以空處應介紹常規保護行為,G確保定期安裝安全更新,并且防火墻正常工作符合題意。故選G。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

37英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

下文“IT techs also advise that you change your password every month or so to heighten the security.”IT技術人員還建議您每個月左右更改一次密碼,以提高安全性。)說明,此處技術人員建議定期更換密碼,以提高安全性,所以空處應介紹與密碼相關內容,E如果可能的話,把你的密碼寫下來并保存在一個安全的地方。符合題意。故選E。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

38英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

下文“If shopping online or making other financial transactions, make sure the website has safety features.”(如果在網上購物或進行其他金融交易,請確保網站具有安全功能。)說明如果使用網絡進行操作,要確保網絡是安全的,A小心選擇網站為本段標題。故選A。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

39英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

上文“Check the “issued to” pop-up window(彈窗)to ensure that the issuance(發布)matches the page.”(檢查發布到彈出窗口,確保發布與頁面匹配。)說明發布頁應與頁面匹配,所以下文應說明如果不匹配會產生什么問題,D如果不是,你是在一個釣魚網站上,那會竊取個人信息符合題意。故選D。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

40英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

下文“These programs may then gain access to files on your computer or follow your keystrokes(按鍵)to sites and gain access by learning your passwords.”(然后,這些程序可能會訪問您計算機上的文件,或者跟隨您的按鍵訪問站點,并通過學習您的密碼獲得訪問權限。)說明有些程序可能會導致風險,B項中hidden programs(隱藏程序)是關鍵詞,B許多網站在應用程序中都有隱藏的程序符合題意。故選B。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第三部分  語言知識運用(共兩節,滿分45分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第一節 (共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、CD四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Peter and Lisa Marshall’s wedding day was unforgettable, according to Lisa. But her husband has ____41____ it. “It’s the ____42____ part because you want to remember the happy past, and you’re alone in the ____43____ ,” she said. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Three years ago, at the age of 53, Peter was ____44____ with early Alzheimer’s(老年癡呆癥). Eventually, he forgot his wife. Lisa became just another nameless ____45____ , with their entire ____46____ together erased. And yet, a whisper of their ____47____ must have remained—because all of a sudden, Lisa said, her husband started courting(求愛)her, as if they’d just started ____48____ . 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

One day, when a wedding scene came on TV, Peter pointed to the ____49____ , “Let’s do it.”英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

“And I said, ‘Do what?’ And he pointed again. And I said, ‘Do you want to _____50_____ ?!’ And he got this smile on his face and he said, ‘Yeah.’ So he fell in love with me _____51_____ ,” Lisa said. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Lisa _____52_____ . A few months ago, she _____53_____ a wedding for her already husband. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

“I can’t even describe to you how _____54_____ it was. He was so _____55_____ and happy. And it was very touching,” she said. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Unfortunately, it was a Cinderella(灰姑娘)moment. The clock struck _____56_____ and by the next morning, this _____57_____ too was lost to the fog. But Lisa had fully _____58_____ that. “I’m the one who’s going to _____59_____ that. And that’s going to help me heal later, because it really is a true love story,” she said. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Alzheimer’s can _____60_____ so much—but fortunately, love is almost always the last to go.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

41Abroken Bmissed Cignored Dforgotten英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

42Amost unfair Bsaddest Cmost surprising Dangriest英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

43Amemory Bfaith Cway Dschedule英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

44Afamiliar Bpopular Cdiagnosed Dsatisfied英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

45Adoctor Bcaretaker Cteacher Demployer英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

46Ajourney Bdream Cwealth Dlife英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

47Alove Bquarrel Chope Dapology英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

48Aacting Bmeeting Cdating Dworking英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

49Ahouse Bscreen Caudience Dhost英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

50Atake part Bwalk around Cget married Dhave fun英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

51Aimmediately Bfinally Cagain Ddeeply英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

52Aaccepted Bcheered Chesitated Drefused英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

53Aattended Bhosted Csaw Dstaged英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

54Acompetitive Bmagical Cpopular Dtypical英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

55Apresent Bfriendly Cold Dcreative英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

56Agradually Bloudly Cmidnight Dhard英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

57Awife Bwedding Cgirl Dplan英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

58Aexpected Breported Crefused Djudged英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

59Astudy Babandon Cremember Dcopy英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

60Acall back Bcut down Cgive up Dtake away英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】41D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

42B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

43A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

44C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

45B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

46D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

47A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

48C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

49B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

50C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

51C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

52A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

53D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

54B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

55B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

56C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

57B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

58A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

59C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

60D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

這是一篇記敘文。文章主要講述了患有老年癡呆癥的彼得又一次愛上了自己的妻子,并向她求婚,老年癡呆癥可以帶走很多人和事,但是愛幾乎總是最后一個離開的。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

41英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:但她丈夫已經忘記了。A. broken破碎;B. missed錯過;C. ignored忽視;D. forgotten忘記。根據上文“Peter and Lisa Marshall's wedding day was unforgettable, according to Lisa.”可知,麗莎覺得婚禮是令人難忘的,結合空前But表示轉折,可知此處表示她的丈夫已經忘記了。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

42英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:這是最悲傷的部分,因為你想記住快樂的過去,而記憶中只有你一個人。A. most unfair最不公平的;B. saddest最悲傷的;C. most surprising最令人驚訝的;D. angriest最憤怒的。根據后文“because you want to remember the happy past, and you're alone in the ____3____”可知,你想記住快樂的過去,但是記憶里你是獨自一人的,這是最悲傷的部分。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

43英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:這是最悲傷的部分,因為你想記住快樂的過去,而記憶中只有你一個人。A. memory記憶;B. faith信仰;C. way道路;D. schedule時間表。根據后文“Peter was ____4____ with early Alzheimer's”可知,彼得患了老年癡呆癥,忘記了別人,記憶里只有自己一個人。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

44英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:A. familiar熟悉;B. popular受歡迎;C. diagnosed診斷;D. satisfied使滿意。根據后文“with early Alzheimer's. Eventually, he forgot his wife.”可知,彼得忘記了自己的妻子,所以此處表示彼得被診斷患有老年癡呆癥。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

45英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:麗莎變成了又一個無名的護理人員,他們的整個生活都被抹去了。A. doctor醫生;B. caretaker護理人員;C. teacher教師;D. employer雇主。根據語境,丈夫得病了,妻子會照顧護理對方,所以彼得忘記了妻子之后,把妻子當作了不知道名字的護理人員。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

46英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:麗莎變成了又一個無名的護理人員,他們的整個生活都被抹去了。A. journey旅行;B. dream夢想;C. wealth財富;D. life生活。根據后文“her husband started courting(求愛)her, as if they'd just started ____8____”可知,彼得像他們剛剛開始見面一樣,重新追求麗莎,所以此處表示他們的整個生活都被抹去了。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

47英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:然而,他們的愛一定一直在耳語,因為突然,麗莎說,她的丈夫開始追求她,好像他們剛剛開始約會一樣。A. love愛;B. quarrel爭吵;C. hope希望;D. apology道歉。根據后文“her husband started courting(求愛)her, as if they'd just started ____8____”可知,彼得再一次追求麗莎,所以此處表示他們的愛一定一直都在。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

48英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:然而,他們的愛一定一直在耳語,因為突然,麗莎說,她的丈夫開始追求她,好像他們剛開始約會時一樣。A. acting行動;B. meeting見面;C. dating約會;D. working工作。根據上文“her husband started courting(求愛)her, as if they'd just started”可知,彼得忘記了麗莎,但是彼得就像他們開始約會時一樣追求麗莎。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

49英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:有一天,當電視上出現一個婚禮場景時,彼得指著屏幕說:我們結婚吧。”A. house房子;B. screen屏幕;C. audience觀眾;D. host主持人。根據上文“One day, when a wedding scene came on TV”可知,此處表示彼得指著電視屏幕。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

50英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞短語辨析。句意:我說:你想結婚嗎?!”A. take part參加;B. walk around四處走走;C. get married結婚;D. have fun玩得開心。根據上文“when a wedding scene came on TV, Peter pointed to the ____9____ , “Let's do it.””可知,彼得指著電視里結婚的場景,所以此處麗莎說的是你想結婚嗎?!故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

51英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查副詞詞義辨析。句意:是的。所以他又愛上了我,麗莎說。A. immediately立即;B. finally最后;C. again再次;D. deeply深深地。根據語境,彼得是愛著自己妻子的,只是由于患老年癡呆癥忘記了妻子,所以此處表示彼得再次愛上了麗莎。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

52英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:麗莎接受了。A. accepted接受;B. cheered歡呼;C. hesitated猶豫;D. refused拒絕。根據后文“A few months ago, she ____13____ a wedding for her already husband.”可知,麗莎為丈夫上演了一場婚禮,所以此處麗莎接受了彼得的求婚。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

53英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:幾個月前,她為自己的丈夫上演了一場婚禮。A. attended出席;B. hosted主持;C. saw看見;D. staged上演。根據常識,麗莎和彼得原本就是夫妻,不需要再舉辦婚禮,所以此處麗莎為了丈夫上演了一場婚禮。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

54英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:我甚至無法向你描述這是多么美好的。A. competitive競爭的;B. magical美好的;C. popular受歡迎的;D. typical典型的。根據后文“He was so ____15____ and happy.”可知,麗莎感覺到了彼得是友好和快樂的,所以婚禮是非常美好的。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

55英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:他是非常友好和快樂的。A. present出席的;B. friendly友好的;C. old老的;D. creative創造性的。根據上文“So he fell in love with me ____11____”可知,彼得再次愛上了麗莎,所以在婚禮上,彼得是友好和快樂的。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

56英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查副詞詞義辨析。句意:午夜鐘聲敲響,到第二天早上,這場婚禮也在霧中消失了。A. gradually逐漸地;B. loudly大聲;C. midnight午夜;D. hard用力。 根據上文“it was a Cinderella(灰姑娘)moment.”以及常識,午夜鐘聲響起,一切恢復原狀。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

57英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:午夜鐘聲敲響,到第二天早上,這場婚禮也在霧中消失了。A. wife妻子;B. wedding婚禮;C. girl女孩;D. plan計劃。根據上文“A few months ago, she ____13____ a wedding for her already husband.”可知,麗莎為丈夫上演了一場婚禮,但是由于彼得患有老年癡呆癥,他忘記了婚禮。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

58英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:但麗莎完全預料到了這一點。A. expected預料;B. reported報告;C. refused拒絕;D. judged判斷。根據后文“I'm the one who's going to ____19____ that.”可知,麗莎說自己會是記得的那個人,所以她已經預料到了彼得會忘記。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

59英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:我是那個會記住那些事的人。A. study研究;B. abandon放棄;C. remember記??;D. copy復制。根據后文“And that's going to help me heal later, because it really is a true love story,”可知,這是真實的愛情,麗莎決定記住那些事情。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

60英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞短語辨析。句意:老年癡呆癥可以帶走很多,但幸運的是,愛幾乎總是最后一個離開。A. call back回電;B. cut down減少;C. give up放棄;D. take away帶走。根據上文“Eventually, he forgot his wife.”可知,患有老年癡呆癥的人會忘記很多人和事情,所以老年癡呆癥會帶走很多。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第二節 (共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Morrisons, Britain’s fourth largest supermarket chain, is launching a trial to sell milk in glass bottles ____61____ (promote) a greener environment. Morrisons said that customers could return the bottles, ____62____ will be reused for ten years or more. This measure could remove 40,000 plastic bottles a year from circulation, thus ____63____ (reduce) emissions (排放) of carbon dioxide. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

“We want to help our customers live ____64____ (they) lives with less plastic,” Natasha Cook, Morrisons packaging manager, said. “Re-using glass milk bottles is ____65____   easy leap for many people to make because they remember that this was how milk used to arrive on doorsteps.”英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

The use of glass milk bottles ____66____ (decline) over the past 50 years from the 1970s. However, Steve Hynd, policy manager at City to Sea, said, “We know this move is popular, with three in four people ____67____ (tell) us they want more refill options to deal with plastic ____68____ (pollute).”英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

The environmental case for glass bottles is still debatable. Wrap, a waste charity, has said that the bottle must be re-used at least 20 times for them to be a ____69____ (good) option than plastic. Morrisons has said that the milk bottle trial will also reduce carbon emissions _____70_____ the containers will travel shorter distances from local dairies.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】61to promote英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

62which英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

63reducing英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

64their英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

65an英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

66has declined英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

67telling英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

68pollution英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

69better英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

70because##as英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

這是一篇新聞報導。文章主要講述為了倡導更綠色的環境,減少碳排放而實行的重復利用玻璃奶瓶的措施。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

61英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查動詞不定式。句意:英國第四大連鎖超市莫里森正為了倡導更綠色的環境,宣布實行賣玻璃瓶裝牛奶。根據句子及結構可知,此處應用動詞不定式to promote,作目的狀語,故填to promote。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

62英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查非限制性定語從句。句意:莫里森說顧客可以歸還瓶子,這樣將可以重復利用瓶子,長達十年甚至更久。根據句子結構可知,此句是非限制性定語從句,該引導詞指代顧客歸還玻璃瓶這件事,在從句中作主語,故填which。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

63英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查現在分詞。句意:這項措施一年能將4000個塑料瓶從循環中清除。這樣減少了二氧化碳的排放。分析句子結構可知,此處應用非謂語動詞。句子的主語This measurereduce是主謂關系,故此處用現在分詞,故填reducing。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

64英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查物主代詞。句意:莫里森的包裝經理Natasha Cook說:我們想幫助顧客過上低塑料的生活。。短語live one’s life,表示過上……的生活。短語中的one’s與主語customers保持一致,故用形容詞性物主代詞their,故填their。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

65英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查不定冠詞。句意:重復使用玻璃奶瓶對許多人來說是一個簡單的飛躍。因為他們記得過去牛奶就是這樣被送到家門口的。根據句意及空后的easy leap可知,此處應表示泛指一個簡單的飛躍。因為easy是以元音音素開頭,故用不定冠詞an。故填an。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

66英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查現在完成時。句意:從20世紀70年代起,在這過去的50年里,玻璃奶瓶的使用已經下降了。根據時間狀語over the past 50 years from the 1970s可知,時態應是現在完成時。主語是The use,故填has declined。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

67英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查現在分詞。句意:然而,City to Sea的政策經理Steve Hynd說:我們知道這一舉動很受歡迎,四分之三的人告訴我們他們想選擇更多的材料來處理塑料污染。分析句子結構可知,此處應填非謂語動詞。主語three in four peopletell是主謂關系,故用現在分詞,表主動,故填telling。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

68英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查名詞。句意:然而,City to Sea的政策經理Steve Hynd說:我們知道這一舉動很受歡迎,四分之三的人告訴我們他們想選擇更多的材料來處理塑料污染。設空處被形容詞plastic修飾,故此處應填名詞pollution,表示污染作賓語,故填pollution。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

69英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查形容詞比較級。句意:廢物慈善機構Wrap表示:對于他們來說,瓶子必須重復使用至少20次,才能成為比塑料更好的選擇。根據than及空后的名詞option可知,設空處應填形容詞比較級,故填better。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

70英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

考查連詞。句意:莫里森表示:牛奶瓶試驗也將減少碳排放,因為容器從當地乳品廠運輸的距離將變得更短了。分析句子可知,前后兩句是因果關系,故此句是原因狀語從句。此處故填原因狀語從句的連詞。故填because/as。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第四部分 寫作(共兩節, 滿分35分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第一節  短文改錯(10小題;每小題1分,滿分10)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

71.假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

刪除:把多余的詞用()劃掉。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

修改:在錯的詞下畫一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

注意:1.每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2.只允許改10處,多?。◤牡?/span>11處起)不計分。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

High school is difficult for everyone if you admit it or not. But joining in a club will be beneficial to you.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Getting into a club is great way to meet new people. It forced you to interact with peers(同齡人)that have similarly interests. Beside, it looks really good on their college applications. Being known as outgoing is an advantage which shows your willingness to put yourself out there. Be determined, and best of all, trying new things. Some things are so important that you will use them every single days of your life. They will all trace back to the skills as you learned in your high school club.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】1.if→whether       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2.刪掉in英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

3. great前加a       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

4. forced→forces       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

5. similarly→similar英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

6. Beside→Besides       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

7.their→your       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

8. trying→try       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

9.days→day       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

10.as→which/that或者刪掉as英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【詳解】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

本文是一篇說明文。文章主要講述了加入高中俱樂部的好處。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

1.考查whetherif的區別。句意:不管你承認與否,高中對每個人來說都是困難的。分析可知,此處應用“whether …or not(不管……與否)引導讓步狀語從句,故將if改為 whether 。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2.考查介詞。句意:但是加入俱樂部對你有好處。join是指加入組織等,并成為其中的一員;join in是指加入某種活動。句子中是club,因此不需要介詞in,故將in刪掉。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

3.考查冠詞。句意:加入俱樂部是結識新朋友的一個好方法。該句子中的way是可數名詞,此處表泛指,應用不定冠詞,前面的great是以輔音音素開頭的單詞,因此使用不定冠詞a,故在great前加a。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

4.考查時態。句意:它迫使你與有相似興趣的同齡人互動。該句子描述的是一般性的事實,應該使用一般現在時,主語為第三人稱單數,故將 forced改為 forces。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

5.考查形容詞。句意:它迫使你與有相似興趣的同齡人互動。interests是名詞的復數形式,應該使用形容詞作定語,故將similarly改為similar。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

6.考查副詞。句意:此外,在你申請大學時這看起來非常好。beside是介詞,意為……旁邊,需要接賓語。根據句意可知,上下文為累加關系,表示此外,故將 Beside改為 Besides。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

7.考查形容詞性物主代詞。句意:此外,在你申請大學時這看起來非常好。通讀全文可知,該文章是針對第二人稱來敘述的,故將their改為your。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

8.考查祈使句。句意:下定決心,最好是嘗試新事物。and前后為并列的祈使句,應該使用動詞原形,故將trying改為try。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

9.考查名詞的數。句意:有些東西非常重要,以至于你一生中的每一天都會用到它們。every single(每一) 后面應該使用單數名詞,故將days改為day。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

10.考查定語從句。句意:它們都可以追溯到你在高中俱樂部學到的技能。分析句子結構可知,skills后面是一個定語從句,指代先行詞skills在從句中作learned的賓語,應該使用whichthat,也可以省略掉關系代詞,故將as改為 which/that或者刪掉as。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

第二節  書面表達(滿分25分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

72.假定你是李華,你的美國朋友Tom發來郵件詢問你的近況及上大學準備報考什么專業。請你回復郵件,內容包括:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

1. 正在認真備考;英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2. 打算報考的專業:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

3. 報考理由。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

注意:1. 詞數100左右;英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2. 可以適當增加細節以使行文連貫。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Dear Tom, 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Yours,英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Li Hua英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【答案】Dear Tom,英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

I hope everything is going well with you. Receiving your email is such a refreshing thing since I'm fully engaged in preparation for the college entrance exams. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

As for what major I will choose, I have decided on Medicine, which, I know, requires along term commitment of time and energy. It is a decision that shouldn't be taken lightly. But being able to cure people or even save people's lives is so rewarding. Though doctors are faced with much stress, my passion for healthcare and helping people tells me that I won't be held back from studying and working in medicine and health. Besides, doctors are highly respected in China and in great demand too. I'll devote every effort to achieving my goal. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

What about your plan for your further education? I'm looking forward to your reply. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Yours,英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

Li Hua英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

本篇書面表達屬于應用文。要求考生給美國朋友Tom回郵件告訴他你的近況及上大學準備報考什么專業。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【詳解】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

1.詞匯積累英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

使人精力充沛的:refreshing→uplifting英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

參與:be engaged in→be involved in英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

值得的:rewarding→worthwhile英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

壓力:stress→pressure英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

2.句式拓展英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

短句變長句:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

原句:It is a decision that shouldn't be taken lightly. But being able to cure people or even save people's lives is so rewarding.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

拓展句:Although it is a decision that shouldn't be taken lightly, being able to cure people or even save people's lives is so rewarding.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【點睛】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【高分句型1As for what major I will choose, I have decided on Medicine, which, I know, requires along term commitment of time and energy.(運用了which引導非限制性定語從句和插入語)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

【高分句型2Though doctors are faced with much stress, my passion for healthcare and helping people tells me that I won't be held back from studying and working in medicine and health.(運用了though引導的讓步狀語從句和that引導的賓語從句)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷A(課標全國專用)

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