考試月歷

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

英語解析版英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

(考試時間:120分鐘  試卷滿分:150分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

注意事項:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

1. 答卷前,考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在答題卡和試卷指定位置上。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2. 回答選擇題時,選出每小題答案后,用鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號?;卮鸱沁x擇題時,將答案寫在答題卡上,寫在本試卷上無效。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

3. 考試結束后,將本試卷和答題卡一并交回。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第一節(共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

1.Where is the bank?
A. Beside a coffee shop.
B. Next to a movie theater.
C. Near a post office.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: Is the bank near the post office?
м: No, it isn't. It's on Second Avenue, across from the movie theater.
W: On the corner of Main and Second Avenue?
м: Yes, that's right. It's next to Al's Coffee Shop.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2.What did the woman buy for Mary?
A. A CD player.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

B. A coffee maker.
C. A bike.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

M: Did you get the CD player or the bike for Mary's birthday?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: No, Mary said her coffee maker was broken. So I got one for her.
3.How did the man get to the meeting?
A. By bus.
B. By taxi.
C. By underground.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: You are 20 minutes late for the meeting, Tom. Why don't you take a taxi or the underground?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

M: Well, I've got a Student Bus Card and it only costs $2.50 to get here by bus.
4.What does the man think of the test?
A. The time was limited.
B. It was difficult.
C. The questions were strange.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: It's strange you didn't get an A in the test. The test must have been really hard.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

M: Actually I could have answered all the questions correctly, but there were too many and there wasn't enough time to answer them all.
5.What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A cupboard.
B. A funny book.
C. The man's friend.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: Who's that boy next to the cupboard?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

M: That's my best friend. He's called Bill. He's reading a book.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: Oh yes, he's laughing. That book must be very funny.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第二節
聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。
聽第6段材料,回答第6、7
6 .When will the exhibition be held?
A. In 25 days.
B. In 14 days.
C. In 3 days.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】B
7. What does the manager want to do?
A. Return some of the parts.
B. Put off his delivery.
C. Test the materials.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: 7The manager from our Sydney factory just called to let me know that he would like the parts he ordered for their exhibition in November to be delivered by the 25th of October. Could you make sure to have them sent out by three o'clock today?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

M: Sure, but could I ask why he's in such a hurry to receive them? 6The exhibition is still two weeks away, and the delivery only takes three days.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W: I know, 7but he wants to have plenty of time to test the materials in case there are any problems. This way, he will have time to have them returned to us to be fixed.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

M:I see.
聽第7段材料,回答第8、9題。
8.What is the man's opinion about the woman's new class?
A. It's easy.
B. It's tiring.
C. It's demanding.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】A
9.What relation is the man to the woman?
A. Her trainer.
B. Her husband.
C. Her father.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】
W: I'm tired. My new exercise class is so hard.
M: What about the beginner's lass?
W: My trainer thought that the beginner's class was too easy for me.
M:Too easy for you?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

W:Don’t laugh. In the beginner’s class, they give you a chance to rest between exercises.The advanced is non-stop.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

M:8I lift weights every morning for sixty minutes without stopping. No problem. I could work out in your new class with no problem.
W: Listen, Richard, doing gymnastics for an hour is a lot more difficult than lifting weights.
M: I bet I can go one hour in your class and not feel a thing. The bet isI win, and you cook dimer for me .9Or you win, and I cook dinner for you and our baby.
聽第8段材料,回答第1012
10. When did the woman do shopping?
A. On Saturday morning.
B. On Saturday afternoon.
C. On Sunday evening.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】B
11.What did the man do on the weekend?
A. He visited his grandparents.
B. He did some exercise.
C. He watched TV.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】C
12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Brother and sister.
B. Classmates.
C. Teacher and student.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】
M: Hi, Lucy. Did you have a good weekend?
W: Well, I had a busy weekend, so I'm a little tired today.
M: Really? Why?
W: Well, 10on Saturday, I exercised in the morning. Then in the afternoon my brother and I cleaned and shopped.And then we visited our grandparents in the evening.
M: So what did you do on Sunday?
W: I studied for the test all day.
M: Oh, no! 12Do we have a test today? I didn't study!  11I just watched TV a weekend!
聽第9段材料,回答第1316
13. When did the man begin to take his first serious acting job?
A.20 years ago.
B.50 years ago.
C.66 years ago.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】C
14.What has been the man's favorite since he got the role of Hamlet?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

A.Films.
B. Plays.
C. Dancing.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】B
15. Why does the man act in films?
A. To earn money.
B. To make his life colorful.
C. To enjoy the parts in some comedies.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

16 .What is the man's plan for the future?
A. He will sing in the theater.
B. He will retire in six months.
C. He will work as long as possible.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】
W: My guest today is Sir Harry Wirral1386 years old this week and still performing on the London stage. Can you tell me about your early job in the theater?
M: 13My first serious acting job was when I was 20. Before that I had been in some musical comedies singing and dancing, things like that14but then I was given the part of Hamlet and since then my first love has been the theater.
W: But do you appear in Hollywood films sometimes?
M: Of course, I've got to make a living, haven't 1? You don't earn much doing Shakespeare. Yes, I do serious things in the theater in the evenings and 15I do films during the day to make some money.
W: And do you still sing and dance?
M: Only in my own home! I haven't sung in the theater for about 50 years.
W: Do you have any plans to stop working?
M: No, I don't. 16I want to keep working for as long as possiblelove it and it keeps me young. If I stopped working, I'd be dead in six months I tried to retire when I was 70 and it was terrible I sat at home and watched TV.
聽第10段材料,回答第1720題。
17. What do the data from psychologists show?
A. Happiness brings success.
B. Few people find the right path to happiness.
C. Outside things have nothing to do with happiness.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】A
18 .What did the specialists from the universities of Illinois try to find out?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

A. The secret behind success.
B. The qualities of happy people.
C. The way to be happy.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】A
19. What do we know about the study from the universities of Illinois?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

A. It included over 2,000 cases.
B. It was done by some college students.
C. It showed happy people are more independent.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】C
20. What do the researchers think is the speedy way to become happy?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

A. Being grateful for what you have. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Believing in others.
C. Being optimistic.
【答案】C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【錄音稿】
M: If I were to ask you what makes you happy, you would probably have no problem providing me with at least a few answersa new car, a higher-paying job and so on. Answers to this question usually have something in common our happiness depends on something outside. Some other people might think that success would make a person happy. But 17data from psychologists show that most people have it backward. The fact is: being happy brings success. 18Specialists from the universities of Illinois tried to find out what led to great success. 19They studied more than 200 cases and found that people who feel happy are more confident, independent, optimistic and energetic, allowing them to stand out from the average person when doing things like looking for a job, asking for a raise, or even getting assistance from others. So what can you do to cheer you up and feel happy? Researchers offer three tips.They say being grateful for what you have will make you happier;believing in people around you is another proven path to happiness. 20They also suggest that being optimistic is a speedy way to a shining smile and maybe a fatter wallet.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第二部分  閱讀理解共兩節,滿分40英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第一節 15小題;每小題2,滿分30英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、CD四個選項中,選出最佳選項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Four Best of British markets英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Whether you’re looking for antiques, food, collectors’ items or just random junk, our rich heritage has produced some of the finest markets in the world. Here are four of them.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Edinburgh Farmers’ Market英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Traders in Edinburgh have long sold their goods in the shadow of the city’s spectacular castle. It takes place on Castle Terrace every Saturday and attracts a huge crowd with its locally sourced goods. The market is now in its 15th year and champions the very best in Scottish produce.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Billingsgate Fish Market英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

This hub in the heart of the East End of London is the biggest inland market in Britain. Dating back to the 16th century, Billingsgate is now served by almost every UK port, with fish transported through the night to arrive for trading, which starts at 4 a.m.. It is famed for shifting 25,000 tons of fish each year.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

St George’s Market英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Follow your nose along May Street in Belfast and the smells of delicious home-made food from across the globe will land you in St George’s Market, once voted the best in the UK. Completed in 1896 and featuring tasty food, the trading place is also one of Belfast’s oldest attractions, thanks to its wide range of goods and live music performances.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Ford Airfield Market英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Looking for an old-style prosthetic leg, a ventriloquist’s dummy, or even a suit of armour? The chances are you’ll find what you’re after – and plenty of other random stuff – at one of the hundreds of stalls here in West Sussex. Huge car-boot sales (舊貨市場) are held at the weekends all year round, come rain or shine. The market has been running for 25 years and is a well-known treasure trove for antiques experts looking for a bargain.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

21Which market has the longest history?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AEdinburgh Farmers’ Market. BBillingsgate Fish Market.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CSt George’s Market. DFord Airfield Market.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

22What is the main characteristic of St George’s Market?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AMusic. BHistory. CFood. DBuilding.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

23What do we know about Ford Airfield Market?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AIt is held every day. BIt closes on rainy days.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CIt is famous for its cars. DIt features car-boot sales.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】21B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

22C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

23D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

本文是一篇說明文。文章介紹了了英國四大最佳市場,以及各市場的特色和歷史。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

21英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據Edinburgh Farmers’ Market中的“The market is now in its 15th year(這個市場現在是第15個年頭);Billingsgate Fish Market中的“Dating back to the 16th century(比林斯蓋特的歷史可以追溯到16世紀);St George’s Market中的“Completed in 1896(完工于1896年)以及Ford Airfield Market中的“The market has been running for 25 years(這個市場已經運營了25年)可知,比林斯蓋特魚市的歷史最長。故選B。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

22英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據St George’s Market中的“Completed in 1896 and featuring tasty food, the trading place is also one of Belfast’s oldest attractions, thanks to its wide range of goods and live music performances.(完工于1896年,以美味的食物為特色,交易場所也是貝爾法斯特最古老的景點之一,因為它有各種各樣的商品和現場音樂表演。)可知,圣喬治市場的主要特色是食物。故選C。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

23英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據Ford Airfield Market中的“Huge car-boot sales are held at the weekends all year round, come rain or shine.(每年的周末都會舉行大型的汽車行李箱銷售活動,風雨無阻。)可知,福特機場市場以汽車行李箱銷售為特色。故選D。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Hristo Hristov has been working with wildlife in Bulgaria's remote Rhodope Mountains for over 30 years. He first came here as a bright-eyed student in the early 1990s, eager to increase the number of griffon vulture (歐亞尤雪). At the time, there were fewer than 20 birds left. Fast forward to November 2020, there were more griffon vultures. At the last count, a record 245 now live in the Rhodope Mountains.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

As a rewilding officer, Hristo is responsible for the welfare of the animals in his area, which means constant observation, and lengthy periods out in the wild conducting research. "This process is sometimes long — you have to live together with the animals," he explains." Forget everything; you live in nature. It doesn't matter if they're horses, wild cattle or European bison (野牛)."英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

This small corner of south-eastern Europe is one of the continent's most ecologically diverse areas. Large animals, such as wolves, brown bears, deer, and wild horses, coexist here. It's also a peaceful place for birdlife, with 300 species recorded. The ultimate goal is to create a habitat where multiple different species depend on one another.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Hristo's current challenge is to continue the reintroduction of European bison to the wild. Since 2013, Hristo has worked with Rewilding Europe, a not-for-profit organisation which operates across Europe, to bring bison back to the Rhodope Mountains. In 2019, several bison were released into the wild, and three baby bison have already been born, two of those coming in 2020. At the end of last year, another two females were donated to the project from zoos in Hungary and Slovakia. When the new animals are eventually released into the wild, they will number 13.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

24What can be learned about griffon vultures?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AThey are now in danger of dying out. BThey may live as long as over 30 years.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CThey can be seen in the Rhodope Mountains. DThey were first discovered in the early 1990s.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

25Which of the following can best describe Hristo?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AProud but caring. BSilent but generous.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CHonest and creative. DDevoted and patient.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

26What does the author intend to do in paragraph 3?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

ADevelop the theme with examples. BAdd some background information.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CSummarize the previous paragraphs. DIntroduce a new topic for discussion.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

27What can we expect of European bison's population in the future?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AIt will be hard to assess. BIt will start to explode.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CIt will show promise. DIt will be something to worry about.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】24C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

25D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

26B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

27C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

這是一篇記敘文。文章主要介紹了Hristo Hristov一直在研究野生動物,目前在努力繼續將歐洲野牛放歸野外。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

24英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據第一段“At the last count, a record 245 now live in the Rhodope Mountains. (在最近的統計中,記錄在案的245只歐亞尤雪現在生活在羅多普山脈)”可知,在羅多普山脈可以看到歐亞尤雪。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

25英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據第一段“Hristo Hristov has been working with wildlife in Bulgaria's remote Rhodope Mountains for over 30 years.(Hristo Hristov 30多年來一直在保加利亞偏遠的羅多普山脈研究野生動物)”以及第二段“As a rewilding officer, Hristo is responsible for the welfare of the animals in his area, which means constant observation, and lengthy periods out in the wild conducting research.(作為一名復卷官員,赫里斯托負責他所在地區動物的福利,這意味著要經常觀察,并在野外進行長時間的研究)”可知,Hristo Hristov花費30多年的時間研究野生動物,并且要經常觀察,所以推測Hristo Hristov獻身于野生動物研究,是有耐心的。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

26英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。文章前兩段講述了Hristo Hristov渴望增加歐亞尤雪的數量并愿意在野外進行長時間的研究,第三段介紹了東南歐的這一區域中,有許多不同物種共同生存,最后一段講述Hristo Hristov目前面臨的挑戰是繼續將歐洲野牛放歸野外。由此推知,作者在第三段中添加了一些背景信息,為最后一段講述Hristo Hristov努力將歐洲野牛放歸野外設置背景。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

27英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據第四段“In 2019, several bison were released into the wild, and three baby bison have already been born, two of those coming in 2020. At the end of last year, another two females were donated to the project from zoos in Hungary and Slovakia. When the new animals are eventually released into the wild, they will number 13.(2019年,幾頭野牛被放歸野外,三頭小野牛已經出生,其中兩頭于2020年出生。去年年底,匈牙利和斯洛伐克的動物園向該項目捐贈了另外兩頭雌性野牛。當這些新動物最終被放歸野外時,它們的數量將達到13)”可知,歐洲野牛的數量是逐漸增加的,顯示出希望。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Java’s Cafe is a fundamental extension of the Rochester experience, opening its arms to comfort coffee, tea, and dessert lovers alike. For the typical UR students, the Java’s on Gibbs St. has become a place of solace during stressful testing times, and on more heartwarming occasions, a social hub. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Slowly approaching its thirties, Java’s has enjoyed a good reputation in its local. In 1978, Java Joe created a coffee farm in Hawaii. With great dedication to his craft, the great master of coffee beans made his way to Rochester then. In 1992, Joe decided to start selling coffee at the Public Market and opened up a store on Gibbs St. with the help of Michael Calabrese. This location, next to the Eastman School of Music, is the first of many shops Java Joe opened. As a lover of the blues, Joe enthusiastically decorated this flagship store with artistic and musical influence. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

After Gibbs location, Joe planted Java Joe’s where he was first starting out—in the Public Market. Later, Java Joe’s moved to a nearby building, and received a name change—Java’s at the Market Coffee Roasters. This building served as a place where those who visited would often catch a glimpse of Joe skillfully roasting his coffee beans in the dancing flames and cultivating his drinks with care. However, in 1997 he licensed “Java Joe’s” to Calabrese, who then renamed the Gibbs Cafe to what we know today—Java’s Café. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Joe remained in the Public Market location until he was diagnosed with a brain tumor. Joe died of lung cancer at 68. The influence he had poured into his business is well-known and highly regarded. He has won many awards in his life. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

The next time you head down to Gibbs St. for your morning cup, keep in mind the extraordinary story of how that cup came to be, all thanks to Java Joe.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

28What does the underlined word “solace” in paragraph 1 probably mean?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

ATension. BAnxiety.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CSafety. DRelief.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

29What is true about Java’s Café on Gibbs St.?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AThe name of the shop keeps unchanged up to now.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

BIt was popular with the locals and students as well.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CJava Joe had the ownership of the shop in 1997.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

DIt is the flagship store and has won several awards.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

30What is special about Java’s at the Market Coffee Roasters?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AJoe’s specially-made coffee beans.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

BIts super-quality coffee and service.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CJoe’s demonstration of coffee-making skills.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

DIts attraction to the music school students.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

31What is the text mainly about?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AThe popularity of Java’s Cafe.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

BThe development of the coffee industry.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CThe contribution Joe made to Rochester.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

DThe founder and development of Java’s Cafe.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】28D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

29B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

30C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

31D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

這是一篇說明文。文章主要介紹了咖啡大師Java Joe在自己的努力下創辦了給人們帶來舒適體驗的Java’s Cafe,以及Java’s Cafe的發展。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

28英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

詞句猜測題。根據劃線詞所在句子“For the typical UR students, the Java’s on Gibbs St. has become a place of solace during stressful testing times, and on more heartwarming occasions, a social hub.(對于典型的UR學生來說,吉布斯街上的Java’s Cafe在緊張的考試期間成為了一個solace的地方,在更溫暖的場合,成為了一個社交中心)可知,咖啡廳能讓承受考試壓力的學生感到溫暖,由此可知,對于他們來說這是一個能得到緩解、安慰的地方,即solace意為緩解,安慰,與relief同義。故選D。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

29英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據第一段的“For the typical UR students, the Java’s on Gibbs St. has become a place of solace during stressful testing times, and on more heartwarming occasions, a social hub.(對于典型的UR學生來說,吉布斯街上的Java’s Cafe在緊張的考試期間成為了提供安慰的地方,在更溫暖的場合,成為了一個社交中心)可知,Gibbs街的Java’s Café受到當地人以及學生的歡迎。故選B。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

30英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據第三段的Later, Java Joe’s moved to a nearby building, and received a name change—Java’s at the Market Coffee Roasters. This building served as a place where those who visited would often catch a glimpse of Joe skillfully roasting his coffee beans in the dancing flames and cultivating his drinks with care.(后來,Java Joe’s搬到了附近的一棟大樓,并在Market Coffee Roasters得到了Java’s的改名。在這座建筑里,到訪的人經常會看到喬在舞動的火焰中熟練地烤著咖啡豆,小心翼翼地培育著咖啡)可知,Market Coffee Roasters的特別之處是Joe會在那里展示咖啡制作技巧。故選C。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

31英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

主旨大意題。根據第二段的“In 1978, Java Joe created a coffee farm in Hawaii. 1978年,Java Joe在夏威夷創建了一個咖啡農場)“In 1992, Joe decided to start selling coffee at the Public Market and opened up a store on Gibbs St. with the help of Michael Calabrese. 1992年,喬決定開始在公共市場銷售咖啡,并在邁克爾·卡拉布雷斯的幫助下在吉布斯街開了一家商店),第三段的“After Gibbs location, Joe planted Java Joe’s where he was first starting out—in the Public Market.(在Gibbs入住后,Joe在他第一次進入公共市場的地方開辦了Java Joe’s“However, in 1997 he licensed “Java Joe’s” to Calabrese, who then renamed the Gibbs Cafe to what we know today—Java’s Café.(然而,1997年,他將“Java Joe's”授權給卡拉布里斯,卡拉布里斯隨后將吉布斯咖啡館改名為我們今天所知的Java咖啡館),以及倒數第二段的“Joe remained in the Public Market location until he was diagnosed with a brain tumor. Joe died of lung cancer at 68. (喬在被診斷出患有腦瘤之前一直呆在Public Market 。喬死于肺癌,享年68歲)可知,本文主要介紹了Java’s Cafe的發展以及它的創始人Java Joe。故選D。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Virtual realty can improve brain activity that may be crucial for leaning, memory and even treating Alzheimer’s, a study on rats has found.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

After monitoring the rats’ brain activity, researchers from the University of California Los Angeles discovered electrical activity in a region known as the hippocampus neurons (海馬體神經元) differed depending on whether the rats were placed in real-world or VR environments. The new findings are significant as the hippocampus is a primary driver of learning and memory in the brain.       英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

When rats walk around in real life, electrical activity in the hippocampus appears to synchronize (同步發生) at a rate of eight heartbeats per second. Heartbeats at this frequency are generally known as “theta (?) waves”, with stronger ? waves seeming to improve the brain's ability to learn and keep sensory information. When placed in a VR environment, the rat’s ? waves became stronger.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

“It turns out that amazing things happen when the rat is in virtual reality” said Prof Mayank Mehta from UCLAThe scientists also found that VR environments could change different electrical rhythms (節律) in different parts of the neurons, which indicates that scientists may be able to control human brain rhythms.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

“This is a new technology that has great potential,” Mehta said. The study also indicates why VR may stimulate these unique brain waves. A big part of it, Mehta puts, may be down to the very different set of stimuli presented in VR.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Imagine that you’re approaching a doorway in real life. Your eyes see the door getting larger. But how do you know that you’re moving forward and the door isn’t coming to you? The answer is that your brain uses information such as the acceleration of your head through space or the shift of weight from one foot to the otherinformation that may not be present during a VR experience.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

32According to the passage, why are the new findings important?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AVR’s contributions to leaning have finally been identified.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

BVR can affect electrical activity in the hippocampus neurons.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CVR produces the same effects on brains as real environments.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

DVR is likely to become another driver for learning and memory.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

33What can we learn about ? waves?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AThey don’t respond to different brain rhythms.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

BThey remain stable in different environments.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CThey affect how human perceive knowledge.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

DThey have lite to do with the rate of heartbeats.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

34What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 5 refer to?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

AThe potential of the new technology.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

BThe control of human brain rhythms.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CThe change in different parts of neurons.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

DThe stimulation of the unique brain waves.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

35How does the author introduce VR’s different set of stimuli?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

ABy conducting further tests on rats. BBy comparing different environments.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CBy providing a detailed analysis DBy explaining the theory of VR.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】32B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

33C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

34D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

35B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

本文是一篇說明文。一項對老鼠的研究發現,VR(虛擬現實環境)可以改善大腦活動,這可能對學習、記憶甚至治療阿爾茨海默氏癥至關重要。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

32英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據第二段“After monitoring the rats’ brain activity, researchers from the University of California Los Angeles discovered electrical activity in a region known as the hippocampus neurons (海馬體神經元) differed depending on whether the rats were placed in real-world or VR environments. The new findings are significant as the hippocampus is a primary driver of learning and memory in the brain. (在監測老鼠的大腦活動后,來自加州大學洛杉磯分校的研究人員發現,海馬神經元區域的電活動因老鼠被置于真實世界或虛擬現實環境而有所不同。這項新發現意義重大,因為海馬體是大腦學習和記憶的主要驅動力)”可知,海馬體是大腦學習和記憶的主要驅動力,新發現很重要是因為VR可以影響海馬神經元的電活動。故選B。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

33英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

細節理解題。根據第三段“When rats walk around in real life, electrical activity in the hippocampus appears to synchronize (同步發生) at a rate of eight heartbeats per second. Heartbeats at this frequency are generally known as “theta (?) waves”, with stronger ? waves seeming to improve the brain’s ability to learn and keep sensory information. When placed in a VR environment, the rat's ? waves became stronger.(當老鼠在現實生活中四處走動時,海馬體的電活動似乎以每秒8次心跳的速度同步。這種頻率的心跳通常被稱為“θ (?),更強的?波似乎可以提高大腦學習和保存感官信息的能力。在VR環境中,老鼠的?波變得更強)”可知,強烈的?波似乎可以提高大腦學習和保存感官信息的能力,由此可知,?波影響著人類感知知識的方式。故選C。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

34英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

詞句猜測題。根據指代關系和第五段“The study also indicates why VR may stimulate these unique brain waves. A big part of it, Mehta puts, may be down to the very different set of stimuli presented in VR.(這項研究還揭示了為什么VR會刺激這些獨特的腦電波。Mehta認為,其中很大一部分原因可能是VR中呈現的一系列截然不同的刺激)”可知,下文中指示代詞it指代的是上一句中的獨特腦電波的刺激,故選D。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

35英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

推理判斷題。根據文章倒數第二段最后一句“A big part of it, Mehta puts, may be down to the very different set of stimuli presented in VR. (Mehta認為,其中很大一部分原因可能是虛擬現實中呈現的一系列截然不同的刺激)”和最后一段“Imagine that you’re approaching a doorway in real life. Your eyes see the door getting larger. But how do you know that you’re moving forward and the door isn’t coming to you? The answer is that your brain uses information such as the acceleration of your head through space or the shift of weight from one foot to the otherinformation that may not be present during a VR experience.(想象一下,你正在接近現實生活中的一個門口。你的眼睛看到門越來越大。但是你怎么知道你在向前走,而那扇門不會向你走來呢?答案是,你的大腦使用的信息,比如你的頭部在空間中的加速度,或者從一只腳到另一只腳的重心轉移——這些信息在虛擬現實體驗中可能不存在)”可知,作者通過對比現實環境與虛擬現實環境所帶來的不同效果,來介紹VR所帶來的不同刺激,故選B。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第二節 (共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Easy, kid-friendly ways to make tomato sauce英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

You can’t beat the convenience of tomato sauce from a jar, but what about when you’re desiring something a little more homemade? You don’t need to keep an Italian grandmother on speed-dial. ____36____ Use two pints (品脫) of tomatoes in the following formulas to make approximately three servings’ worth of sauce.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

No-cook tomato sauce英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

____37____ Add all the ingredients to a large bowl, sprinkle generously with salt, and stir in a few tablespoons of olive oil. Let the mixture sit for 2 or 3 hours at room temperature to allow the salt to soften the tomatoes and meld the flavors.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Cherry tomato pan sauce英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Slice the tomatoes in half and thinly slice or mince 1 or 2 garlic cloves (depending on how much you love garlic). ____38____ Cover and cook for about 15 to 20 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the tomatoes have mostly softened into a stirrable sauce. Taste and season with salt and pepper, along with any fresh or dried herbs.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Roasted or grilled tomato sauce英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Keep the tomatoes whole for this version. Preheat a conventional oven or toaster oven to 400 degrees Fahrenheit or preheat a gas grill to medium heat. For oven-roasting, place the tomatoes in a single layer in a baking dish. Roast for about 20 to 25 minutes, or grill for about 15 to 20 minutes, until the tomatoes are starting to burst and the skins are starting to char. ____39____英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

____40____ So you can add other ingredients you may have on hand. Add more, or cut back on, garlic depending on your tolerance. Experiment with adding a few shallots instead of an onion. Stir in chopped fresh or dried herbs like basil, oregano, rosemary and parsley. If you like heat, add a pinch of crushed red pepper flakes.AThis olive oil-based sauce is ideal for vegetarians.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

BRoughly cut the tomatoes and any fresh herbs on hand.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

CYou just need a helpful kid and some tomatoes to start.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

DCarefully pour the tomatoes into a bowl and season to taste.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

EThese sauce techniques are customizable to your family’s tastes.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

FAdd more salt to taste and chopped fresh herbs if you have them.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

GHeat olive oil in a pan over medium heat, then stir in the tomatoes and garlic.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】36C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

37B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

38G英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

39D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

40E英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

這是一篇說明文。文章主要講述了幾種簡單,適合孩子的番茄醬制作方法。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

36英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

設空句承接上文。根據前文“You don’t need to keep an Italian grandmother on speed-dial.(你不需要隨時電話咨詢意大利的祖母)”可知,作者用幽默的口吻表示做番茄醬這件事要求不高。選項C“You just need a helpful kid and some tomatoes to start.(你只需要一個樂于助人的孩子和一些西紅柿就可以開始了)”用同樣的口吻,進一步補充上文觀點,表明做番茄醬簡單易學,符合語境搭配。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

37英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

設空處引出下文。根據本段小標題 “No-cook tomato sauce(不要煮的番茄醬)”可知,本段的番茄醬無需烹飪。且后文“Add all the ingredients to a large bowl, sprinkle generously with salt, and stir in a few tablespoons of olive oil.(將所有的原料放入一個大碗,撒上大量的鹽,然后加幾湯匙橄欖油并攪拌)”提及了所有原料,由此可推知,設空句應提及原料,選項B “Roughly cut the tomatoes and any fresh herbs on hand.(把西紅柿和手上的任何新鮮藥草大致切碎)”符合主旨并且照應后文的“the ingredients”,符合語境搭配。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

38英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

設空句承上啟下。根據前文“Slice the tomatoes in half and thinly slice or mince 1 or 2 garlic cloves (depending on how much you love garlic).(將西紅柿切成兩半,切成薄片或切碎 1 2 瓣大蒜(取決于你對大蒜的喜愛程度))”提到了西紅柿,大蒜等,設空句應繼續講述將該原料如何處理,且后文“Cover and cook for about 15 to 20 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the tomatoes have mostly softened into a stirrable sauce.(蓋上蓋子,煮15 20分鐘,偶爾攪拌,直到西紅柿大部分軟化成可攪拌的醬汁)”提及了,由此可推知,設空句應有加熱等核心詞匯。選項G“Heat olive oil in a pan over medium heat, then stir in the tomatoes and garlic.(在平底鍋中用中火加熱橄欖油,然后加入番茄和大蒜)”照應前文大蒜西紅柿等原料以及后面的攪拌成醬汁的步驟,符合語境分析。故選G項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

39英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

設空句承接上文。根據前文“Roast for about 20 to 25 minutes, or grill for about 15 to 20 minutes, until the tomatoes are starting to burst and the skins are starting to char.(烘焙 20 到鐘,或者炙烤15 到鐘,直到西紅柿開始爆裂,皮開始焦化)”可知,直到前文提及的步驟,烹飪已經結束,因此,設空句應提及裝碗,選項D“Carefully pour the tomatoes into a bowl and season to taste.(小心地將西紅柿倒入碗中,調味)”承接上句為完成番茄醬的最后一步,裝碗,前后銜接緊密。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

40英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

設空句引出后文,可為該段主旨句。根據后文“So you can add other ingredients you may have on hand.(所以你可以添加你手頭上可能有的其他成分)”可知,在做番茄醬的過程中,其他原料可以隨意添加,由此可知,該部分內容強調制作的主觀性和自主性,選項E“These sauce techniques are customizable to your family’s tastes.(這些醬汁制作方式可根據您家庭口味調整)”總結了制作番茄醬的自主性,承接下文添加自己有的原料,可作段首句。故選E項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第三部分  語言知識運用(共兩節,滿分45分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第一節 (共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、CD四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

“What’s the story of your plano?” a friend asked over dinner. My piano just ____41____ in the corner of my living room. “It has a story?” I doubted.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

“All pianos have stories,” she replied. Suddenly my piano’s story came ____42____ out of me as if I’d always had this tale to tell.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

I’ve loved ____43____ since childhood. I started with the recorder and moved on to the violin and guitar. Playing the piano had always been my ____44____ which my family couldn’t afford. I grew up in a poor immigrant family in Toronto. My father ____45____ tables in a restaurant and my mother worked in a laundry. Though our childhood was ____46____, my brothers and I were always fed with     ____47____. I can’t remember which birthday it was when my mother ____48____ some money to buy me a doll. By then I’d outgrown wanting dolls but she worked too hard to know that and I never told her. I ____49____ accepted it.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

So it was finally with my ______50______. It was in my last year of high school. I took piano lessons for about a year before university forced me to ______51______. I had to make a decision: to pursue(追求) a more ______52______ goal of medical school or my love for music. The realist in me ______53______ and I had to give up piano lessons ______54______ as with my doll it was too late to learn to play the way I wanted. I ______55______ the piano around with me over the next decade until my son was born. He showed an early ______56______ in music so I put him in piano lessons. I played that piano through my son although guitar ______57______ became his choice.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

I gradually realized that I’d let all my pleasures ______58______ for my job. I figured I’d get back to playing the piano when I retire. Maybe it’s time to get that piano tuned again before it’s too late to     ______59______. Maybe that’s something we should do right now.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Sometimes a ______60______ question can open a path of thinking and discovery. So what’s the story of your piano?英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

41Ahides Bsits Crises Dappears英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

42Aflooding Bjumping Cspreading Dbreaking英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

43Adolls Bmedicine Cperformances Dmusic英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

44Alife Bgoal Cdream Dchoice英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

45Areserved Bdecorated Cwaited Dmade英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

46Adifficult Blonely Cfantastic Dhappy英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

47Afood Blove Cconfidence Dhardship英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

48Acollected Bchanged Cborrowed Dspared英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

49Agratefully Bquietly Ceagerly Dactively英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

50Adecision Bbelief Cpiano Dopinion英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

51Aconsider Bcontinue Crefuse Dstop英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

52Aperfect Bpractical Csuccessful Dnecessary英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

53Acompromised Bfailed Cagreed Dwon英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

54Aunless Btill Cbecause Dbefore英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

55Afound Bplayed Cabandoned Dmoved英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

56Adesire Binterest Cambition Dplan英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

57Aeventually Bgradually Cunexpectedly Dobviously英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

58Afall away Blight up Cgive out Dshow off英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

59Aexperience Benjoy Clearn Dfix英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

60Aserious Bdoubtful Csingle Dprivate英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】41B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

42A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

43D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

44C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

45C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

46A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

47B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

48D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

49A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

50C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

51D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

52B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

53D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

54C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

55D英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

56B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

57A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

58A英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

59B英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

60C英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

這是一篇夾敘夾議文章。通過一個簡單的問題,作者回想起了這些年自己的鋼琴之間的故事。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

41英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:我的鋼琴就放在客廳的角落里。A. hides 藏;B. sits坐落;C. rises上升;D. appears出現。根據句意,此處意指鋼琴放在客廳里。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

42英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:突然間,關于鋼琴的故事如洪水般涌上心頭,仿佛我一直都有這個故事要講。A. flooding涌入;B. jumping跳;C. spreading傳播;D. breaking打破。根據下文,作者開始講述自己和鋼琴的故事,所以此處意指故事涌入心頭。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

43英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:我從小就喜歡音樂。A. dolls玩偶;B. medicine醫藥;C. performances表演;D. music音樂。根據上文“Suddenly my piano’s story came   ____2____   out of me as if I’d always had this tale to tell.”(突然間,關于鋼琴的故事如洪水般涌上心頭,仿佛我一直都有這個故事要講。)提到的鋼琴和作者與鋼琴之間的故事,可知作者從小就喜歡音樂。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

44英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:彈鋼琴一直是我的夢想,但我的家庭負擔不起一架鋼琴。A. life生活;B. goal目標;C. dream夢想;D. choice選擇。根據“my family couldn’t afford”(我的家庭負擔不起),可知彈奏鋼琴是作者的夢想。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

45英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:我父親在餐館當服務員,我母親在洗衣店工作。A. reserved保留;B. decorated裝飾;C. waited等待;D. made制作。根據上文“I grew up in a poor immigrant family in Toronto.”(我在多倫多一個貧窮的移民家庭長大。)可知,作者家境不好,父親在餐館當服務員,母親在洗衣店工作。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

46英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:盡管童年很艱難,但是我和我的兄弟們總是被愛哺育著。A. difficult困難的;B. lonely孤獨的;C. fantastic很好的;D. happy快樂的。根據前文“I grew up in a poor immigrant family in Toronto.”(我在多倫多一個貧窮的移民家庭長大。)可知,作者小時候家里很貧窮,生活地很艱難。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

47英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:盡管童年很艱難,但是我和我的兄弟們總是被愛哺育著。A. food食物;B. love愛;C. confidence自信;D. hardship艱難。根據前文,作者小時候家境不好,此處意指作者雖然小時候生活很艱辛,但是父母的愛卻沒有缺失。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

48英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:我不記得是哪一個生日我媽媽給我買了一個洋娃娃。 A. collected收集;B. changed改變;C. borrowed借;D. spared抽出。根據上文“I grew up in a poor immigrant family in Toronto.”(我在多倫多一個貧窮的移民家庭長大。)可知,作者的母親是從僅有的一些錢里抽出一些給作者買禮物。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

49英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查副詞詞義辨析。句意:我很感激地收下了禮物。A. gratefully感激地;B. quietly安靜地;C. eagerly急切地;D. actively積極地。根據上文“By then I’d outgrown wanting dolls but she worked too hard to know that and I never told her.”(那時我已經長大,不再想要洋娃娃了,但她太努力工作了,不知道這一點,我從來沒有告訴她。)可知,母親不知道作者已經過了想要洋娃娃的年齡了,仍然給作者買了作為生日禮物,所以作者也很感激母親。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

50英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:最后是我的鋼琴。A. decision決定;B. belief信念;C. piano鋼琴;D. opinion觀點。根據下文“It was in my last year of high school. I took piano lessons for about a year before university forced me to   11  .”(那是我高中的最后一年。 在上大學之前,我上了一年的鋼琴課。)可知,此時作者必須要放棄學習鋼琴了。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

51英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:那是我高中的最后一年。 在上大學之前,我上了一年的鋼琴課。A. consider考慮;B. continue繼續;C. refuse拒絕;D. stop停止。根據后文“I had to make a decision: to pursue(追求) a more   12   goal of medical school or my love for music.”(我必須做出決定:是去醫學院追求一個更實際的目標,還是堅持我對音樂的熱愛。)可知,此時的作者要上大學了,面臨要停止學習鋼琴的問題了。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

52英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:我必須做出決定:是去醫學院追求一個更實際的目標,還是堅持我對音樂的熱愛。A. perfect完美的;B. practical實際的; C. successful成功的;D. necessary必要的。根據下文“The realist in me ____ and I had to give up piano lessons ____ as with my doll it was too late to learn to play the way I wanted.”(我內心的現實主義獲勝了,我不得不放棄鋼琴課,因為就像我的洋娃娃一樣,要想按我想要的方式演奏已經太晚了。)可知,作者內心的現實主義的想法讓他要追求一個實際的目標。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

53英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:我內心的現實主義獲勝了,我不得不放棄鋼琴課,因為就像我的洋娃娃一樣,要想按我想要的方式演奏已經太晚了。A. compromised妥協;B. failed失??;C. agreed同意;D. won贏。根據下文“I had to give up piano lessons” (我不得不放棄鋼琴課)可知,作者內心的現實主義的想法戰勝了作者想學音樂的想法。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

54英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查連詞詞義辨析。句意:我內心的現實主義獲勝了,我不得不放棄鋼琴課,因為就像我的洋娃娃一樣,要想按我想要的方式演奏已經太晚了。A. unless除非;B. till直到;C. because因為;D. before……之前。根據前文“I had to give up piano lessons” (我不得不放棄鋼琴課)可知,此處在說明作者放棄學習鋼琴的原因。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

55英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:在接下來的十年里,我一直把鋼琴帶在身邊,直到我兒子出生。A. found發現;B. played彈奏;C. abandoned放棄;D. moved搬運。根據下文“I played that piano through my son although guitar ____17____ became his choice.”(我在兒子小時候一直彈奏那架鋼琴,盡管吉他最終成了他的選擇。)可知,作者把這架鋼琴一直帶在身邊。故選D項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

56英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:他很早就表現出對音樂的興趣,所以我讓他上鋼琴課。 A. desire渴望;B. interest興趣;C. ambition志向;D. plan計劃。根據后文“I put him in piano lessons”(我讓他上鋼琴課)可知,作者的兒子對音樂有興趣。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

57英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查副詞詞義辨析。句意:我在兒子小時候一直彈奏那架鋼琴,盡管吉他最終成了他的選擇。 A. eventually最終;B. gradually逐漸地;C. unexpectedly出乎意料地;D. obviously 明顯地。根據前文“He showed an early   16   in music so I put him in piano lessons.”(我在兒子小時候一直彈奏那架鋼琴,盡管吉他最終成了他的選擇。)可知,作者想讓兒子學習鋼琴,可是他卻選擇了吉他。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

58英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查動詞短語辨析。句意:我逐漸意識到,我為了工作而放棄了所有的樂趣。 A. fall away拋棄;B. light up點亮;C. give out分發;D. show off 炫耀。根據上文“I had to give up piano lessons”(我不得不放棄鋼琴。)可知,作者為了生活,為了工作,放棄了自己的愛好。故選A項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

59英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:也許是時候把鋼琴調校好了,否則就太遲了A. experience體驗;B. enjoy享受;C. learn學習;D. fix修理。根據上文“I figured I’d get back to playing the piano when I retire.”(我想我退休后還會繼續彈鋼琴。)可知,作者海鮮更要繼續彈奏鋼琴,重拾自己的興趣愛好。故選B項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

60英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:有時候,一個簡單的問題可以開啟思考和發現的道路。A. serious嚴重的;B. doubtful懷疑的;C. single簡單的;D. private私人的。根據文章第一段及最后一段都有一個問題 “what’s the story of your piano”(你的鋼琴故事是什么呢?),通過這一問題,勾起了作者關于自己成長歷程的回憶以及對自己和鋼琴之間的故事的回憶。故選C項。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第二節 (共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Tianzhou 2, a cargo spacecraft launched on May 29, 2021, docked (對接) with Tianhe — the core module of the country’s permanent space station — early on the morning of May 30.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

A Long March-7 rocket,____61____ (carry) Tianzhou 2, was launched from the Wenchang Space Center ____62____ the coast of the southern island province of Hainan at 8:55 pm on May 29. After a 10-minute flight atop the 53-meter rocket, the craft entered a low Earth orbit, unfolded ____63____ (it) solar panels and began to perform the rapid autonomous rendezvous (交會) and docking procedures, ____64____ lasted about eight hours.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Tianzhou 2 successfully docked with Tianhe’s back hatch at 5:01 am. Next, it was programmed to conduct autonomous refueling operations and perform some equipment ____65____(test).英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

When astronauts from the Shenzhou XII spacecraft board Tianhe in the near future, they will ____66____(gradual) nove living materials and mission payloads from Tianzhou 2 to the core module.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Tianhe ____67____ (lift) by a Long March-5B heavy-lift rocket at the Wenchang Space Launch Center on April 29. The module, the largest spacecraft China ____68____(build) so far, is the first part of the Chinese space station, named Tiangong.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Before docking with Tianzhou 2, Tianhe carried out ____69____ series of jobs to check its designs for rendezvous, astronaut ____70____ (accommodate) and experimental equipment.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】61carrying英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

62on英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

63its英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

64which英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

65tests英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

66gradually英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

67was lifted英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

68has built英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

69a英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

70accommodation英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

這是一篇新聞報道。文章主要講了天舟二號是2021529日發射的貨運飛船,于530日凌晨與中國永久空間站的核心艙天和對接成功。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【詳解】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

1.考查非謂語動詞。句意:529日晚855分,一枚運載天舟2號的長征7號火箭從海南島沿海文昌航天中心發射升空。分析句子結構可知,謂語是was launched(被發射),所以空處是非謂語動詞,做后置定語,修飾A Long March-7 rocket(長征7號火箭),且二者之間是主動關系,所以應用carry(運載)的現在分詞形式,故填carrying。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2.考查介詞。句意:529日晚855分,一枚運載天舟2號的長征7號火箭從海南島沿海文昌航天中心發射升空。On the coast of是固定搭配,表示……海岸,故填on。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

3.考查代詞。句意:在53米火箭上進行了10分鐘的飛行之后,飛船進入了近地軌道,展開了太陽能電池板,開始執行快速自主交會對接程序,這持續了大約8個小時。根據空后的名詞solar panels(太陽能板)可知,此處應用形容詞性物主代詞its,表示它的,作定語,故填its。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

4.考查定語從句關系詞。句意:在53米火箭上進行了10分鐘的飛行之后,飛船進入了近地軌道,展開了太陽能電池板,開始執行快速自主交會對接程序,這持續了大約8個小時。分析句子結構可知,“____lasted about eight hours.”是非限定性定語從句,先行詞為前面的句子,且定語從句中缺少主語,應用which,故填which。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

5.考查名詞復數。句意:接下來,它被編程進行自動加油操作,并進行一些設備測試。由前面的some(一些)可知,此處應用可數名詞test(測試)的復數形式,故填tests。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

6.考查副詞。句意: 在不久的將來,當神舟十二號飛船的宇航員登上天和時,他們將逐漸把生活物資和任務有效載荷從天舟二號轉移到核心艙內。由空后的動詞move(移動;搬家)可知,此處應用gradual(逐漸的)的副詞gradually,來形修飾動詞move,作狀語,故填gradually。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

7.考查時態和語態。句意:429日,在文昌航天發射中心,天和由長征-5B重型運載火箭發射升空。分析句子結構可知,空處做謂語,句子描述的事發生在過去,應用一般過去時,且主語Tianhe和動詞lift(舉起)二者之間是被動關系,所以此處應用一般過去時的被動,主語是單數,應用was lifted,故填was lifted。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

8.考查時態。句意:該艙是中國迄今為止建造的最大的航天器,是中國空間站的第一部分,名為天宮。分析句子結構可知,“China_______(build) so far,”是定語從句,先行詞是the largest spacecraft(最大的航天器),所以空處做謂語,時間標志詞so far(到目前為止)與現在完成時連用,所以此處應用現在完成時,且主語是China(中國),是單數,所以應用has built,故填has built。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

9.考查冠詞。句意:在與天舟二號對接之前,天和號進行了一系列工作,來檢查其對接安排、航天員住宿和實驗設備。A series of是固定搭配,表示一系列,故填a。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

10.考查名詞。句意:在與天舟二號對接之前,天和號進行了一系列工作,來檢查其對接安排、航天員住宿和實驗設備。此處應用名詞形式,做check(檢查)的賓語,accommodation是名詞,表示做所,且為不可數名詞,故填accommodation。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第四部分 寫作(共兩節, 滿分35分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第一節  短文改錯(10小題;每小題1分,滿分10)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

71.假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作 文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的 增加,刪除或修改。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

刪除:把多余的詞用斜線()劃掉。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

注意:1.每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2.只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

After my little brother was born, I looked at his eye one day. From them I found out pure love. Now, I enjoy spend every day with my family because it makes me feel happily. As a sister, I believe the love of my parents are equally divided. In fact my brother always gives me the first bite of his snacks and kisses his cheeks. He wants to share and doesn’t need pretend at all. If he’s pretty or ugly, he’s the cutest baby I love mostly. My brother and parents meant everything to me.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】1.eye→eyes英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2.foundout去掉英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

3.spend→spending英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

4.happily→happy英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

5.are→is英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

6.his→my英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

7.need后加to英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

8.If→Whether英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

9.mostly→most英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

10.meant→mean英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

本文是一篇記敘文。文章主要講述了作者弟弟的出生給自己和家庭帶來了歡樂。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【詳解】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第一處:考查名詞的數。句意:我弟弟出生后,有一天我看著他的眼睛。名詞eye為可數名詞,根據后句中的them可知,用復數形式。故將eye改為eyes。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第二處:考查動詞用法。句意:從它們中我找到了純潔的愛。find 強調結果;find out著重表示通過理解、分析、思考、詢問等,弄清楚或查明一件事情。故將foundout去掉。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第三處:考查非謂語動詞。句意:現在,我喜歡和我的家人一起度過每一天,因為這讓我感到快樂。enjoy doing sth.喜歡做某事。故將spend改為spending。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第四處:考查形容詞。句意:現在,我喜歡和我的家人一起度過每一天,因為這讓我感到快樂。系動詞feel后接形容詞作表語。故將happily改為happy。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第五處:考查主謂一致。句意:作為姐姐,我相信父母的愛是平分的。賓語從句中主語the love of my parents是不可數名詞,所以謂語動詞用單數形式。故將are改為is。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第六處:考查代詞。句意:事實上,我弟弟總是第一口零食就給我并親吻我的臉頰。文章以第一人稱口吻寫的,這里指作者小弟弟親作者的臉頰,所以用代詞my。故將his改為my。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第七處:考查非謂語動詞。句意:他想要分享,根本不需要假裝。根據doesn’t可知動詞need為實義動詞,后接不定式作賓語。故在need后加to。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第八處:考查連詞。句意:不管他是漂亮還是丑陋,他都是我最喜歡的嬰兒。whether … or…不管……還是……。故將If改為Whether。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第九處:考查副詞。句意:不管他是漂亮還是丑陋,他都是我最喜歡的嬰兒。mostly,副詞,意為主要地、多半地、大部分地;most,副詞,意為。故將mostly改為most。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第十處:考查時態。句意:我的弟弟和父母是我的一切。此處陳述客觀事實,用一般現在時。故將meant改為mean。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

第二節  書面表達(滿分25分)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

72.假定你是李華,請寫封郵件邀請你朋友王東于2022年元旦一起參觀新近開放的位于蘇州城西獅子山下的蘇州博物館西館(Suzhou Museum West)。郵件內容包括:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

1)發出邀請英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2)參觀博物館的意義英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

3)具體見面時間,地點,期待回復英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

注意:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

1)詞數100左右;英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2)可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Dear Wang Dong.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Yours英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Li Hua英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【答案】One possible version:英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Dear Wang Dong,英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

With great excitement, I’m writing this email to invite you to visit the newly opened Suzhou Museum West, which lies at the foot of Lion Mountain located in the west of Suzhou.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Nothing exhibits profound Chinese culture better than museums. I’m fully convinced the museum not only offers us a deep insight into the ancient wisdom, but also presents a visual feast, where various, delicate works of art are on display. 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

I’d love it if you could go with me at 1:00 p.m. on January 1st, 2022. Let’s share our unforgettable New Year’s Day in this splendid museum. I will meet you at the gate of the museum. Looking forward to your early reply.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Yours,英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

Li Hua英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【解析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【分析】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

本篇書面表達是一篇應用文。要求考生寫封郵件邀請朋友王東于2022年元旦一起參觀新近開放的位于蘇州城西獅子山下的蘇州博物館西館(Suzhou Museum West)。英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【詳解】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

1.詞匯積累英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

提供:offer sb. sth.=provide sb. with sth.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

難忘的:unforgettable→memorable英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

位于:lie→be situated英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

各種各樣的:various→varied英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

2.句式拓展英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

簡單句變復合句英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

原句:Nothing exhibits profound Chinese culture better than museums.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

拓展句:Nothing exhibits profound Chinese culture better than museums, where you can broaden your horizon.英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

【點睛】英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

[高分句型1]英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

With great excitement, I’m writing this email to invite you to visit the newly opened Suzhou Museum West, which lies at the foot of Lion Mountain located in the west of Suzhou.which引導非限制性定語從句)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

[高分句型2]英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

I’m fully convinced the museum not only offers us a deep insight into the ancient wisdom, but also presents a visual feast, where various, delicate works of art are on display.convinced后面為省略了that引導的賓語從句,where引導非限制性定語從句)英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

 英語-2022屆高三下學期開學摸底考試卷B(課標全國專用)

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