考試月歷

高一入學分班英語考試卷 02(新高考)-2022年秋季高一新生入學分班考試英語試卷

高一入學分班英語考試卷 02(新高考)-2022年秋季高一新生入學分班考試英語試卷2022年秋季高一新生入學分班考試 02(新高考)

英語試卷

滿分150,考試時間120分鐘

適用于:重慶、湖北、遼寧、河北、福建、江蘇、廣東、湖南、海南、山東

注意事項:                                             

1. 答卷前,考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在答題卡上。

2. 回答選擇題時,選出每小題答案后,用鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號?;卮鸱沁x擇題時,將答案寫在答題卡上,寫在本試卷上無效。

3. 考試結束后,將本試卷和答題卡一并交回。

第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)

第一節(共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £ 19. 15.     B. £ 9. 18.     C. £ 9. 15.

答案是 C。

1What does the man like about the movie?

AIts funny plot. BIts music. CIts actors.

【答案】C

【原文】

W: That is a great movie, isn’t it? It has some really funny parts, and I think the actors are really good.

M: I agree about the acting, but I don’t think it is funny. I don’t care much for the music.

2How much is a concert ticket for a child?

A$2. B$4. C$8.

【答案】B

【原文】

M: Concert tickets are 8 dollars for adults, half price for children.

W: OK. I’d like one adult ticket and two children tickets, please.

3What does the woman suggest doing first?

AHaving breakfast. BBuying the medicine. CTraveling to the town.

【答案】A

【原文】

M: We really must go to the town to buy that medicine right now.

W: I think that’s OK after we have breakfast.

4What will Sam do tonight?

AAttend a party. BFly to Tokyo. CHave a meeting.

【答案】B

【原文】

W: Sam, could you come to the party?

M: I’d love to, but I’ll fly to Tokyo on business tonight. I’ll attend some meetings there in the next few days.

5Where is the man probably going now?

AA gift shop. BHis brother’s house. CThe Children’s Center.

【答案】A

【原文】

W: Why are you in such a hurry?

M: Tomorrow is Children’s Day, but I haven’t got a gift for my brother.

第二節(共15小題,每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

  聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。

聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題。

6Why does the man thank the woman?

AShe offered him a job  

BShe told him information on a job.

CShe helped him with the interview.

7What does the woman advise the man to do?

AGo out to celebrate. BTake the job seriously. CRebuild his confidence.

【答案】

6B     7A

【原文】

M: Hi, Linda!

W: Hello, Jim! You look so happy! What’s new?

M: I got the job you told me about last week.

W: That’s great! Congratulations!

M: Thank you very much indeed. You helped me rebuild my confidence.

W: Don’t mention it. You’re always good. What about going out to celebrate?

M: That would be great.

聽第7段材料,回答第810題。

8What does the man want the woman to do by Monday?

ACall the models. BFinish the files. CSend out the invitations.

9When is the charity party?

AThis weekend. BNext week. CNext month.

10Where do the speakers probably work?

AAt a baking company. BAt a fashion company. CAt a housing company.

【答案】

8B     9C     10B

【原文】

MI am going to need those files edited and completed by Monday,Sarah. I expect to see them   on my desk first thing next week.

WYou got it,Mr. Bensen. Is there anything in particular you would like me to include?

MJust make sure that you highlight all of our upcoming shows. I want our clients to be aware   of our new events and clothes styles.

WOf course,sir. Should I start sending out the invitations for next month’s charity party?

MYes! That needs to be a huge success if we expect anything from our summer line to be ready anytime soon.

WI'll call the models this weekend and remind them of the fitting next week. Hopefully,they   can be helpful for the donations for the event.

MI would like to think so. Isn’t that what this business is all about—making people look good and being surrounded by the people that look the best?

WI guess so,sir. I'd like to think that our market is more than just good—looking people,       though.

MWhat the media wants,Sarah,the media gets.

聽第8段材料,回答第1113題。

11Where does the conversation take place?

AIn Thailand. BIn Hawaii. CIn Mexico.

12What do we know about the camera?

AIt can be used underwater. BIt cannot be dropped. CIt’s pretty heavy.

13How much did the man spend on his camera equipment in total?

A$200. B$300. C$350.

【答案】

11B     12A     13C

【原文】

WWhat a beautiful place this is!

MYeah. After the grayness of New York,the colors of Hawaii seem so bright.

WWell,I've been to a lot of amazing beaches in Thailand and Mexico,but this is definitely one of the nicest ones I've been to. Why don’t we go for a swim? I hear there are lots of tropical fish we can see.

MGood idea. I can use my new video camera—it’s waterproof.

WWow,where did you get that?

MI got it in New York a week ago. It’s made by a company called GoPro. They specialize in making HD video cameras for outdoor sports. The bodies of their cameras are designed to be       extra     strong. The camera can handle being dropped,and I can use it underwater up to 60       meters deep.

WAnd it’s so small and lightweight. How much did it cost?

MWell,I could have gotten the older model for$200. But I bought the latest version for$300,   because it’s lighter and has better picture quality. I also spent an extra$50 for all extra battery pack.

WWell,let’s go so you can use it!

聽第9段材料,回答第1417題。

14Where will the speakers go first?

AA museum. BA shop. CA restaurant.

15What does the woman have no interest in?

ATasting Indian food.      BSeeing unique animals.      CTaking a walk.

16Why won’t the speakers go shopping?

AThe shopping mall is a little far.

BThey don’t have enough money.

CIt will take them too much time.

17How will the speakers go to the seashore?

AOn foot. BBy subway. CBy car.

【答案】

14A     15B     16B     17B

【原文】

W: Why don’t we first visit the art museum in the morning?

M: OK. I like that idea. And where do you want to eat lunch?

W: How about going to an Indian restaurant?

M: Hmm.

W: The guide recommends one downtown a few blocks from the museum.

M: That sounds great. After that, how about visiting the zoo? It says here that there are some very unique animals not found anywhere else.

W: Well, to tell you the truth, I’m not really interested in going there.

M: Really?

W: Yeah. Why don’t we go shopping instead? There are supposed to be some really nice places to pick up souvenirs.

M: Nah, I don’t think that’s a good idea. We only have few traveler’s checks left, and I only have fifty dollars left in cash.

W: Oh well. Let’s take the subway down to the seashore and walk along the beach.

M: Sounds like a wonderful plan.

聽第10段材料,回答第1820題。

18Where do Paul and Judy live?

AIn Northern Australia. BIn the center of Australia. CIn Southern Australia.

19How do Paul and Judy have classes?

ABy computer. BBy radio. CBy television.

20When do the lessons begin according to the talk?

AWhen all the students answer the teacher.

BWhen the bell for classes rings.

CWhen the teacher comes.

【答案】

18B     19B     20A

【原文】

Paul is ten years old and Judy is eight. They live at Mount Ebenezer. Their father has a big property. In Australia they call farm a property. Paul and Judy like school very much. At school they can talk with their friends. But Paul and Judy cannot see their friends. They live about 300 miles away. They all “go to” school by radio. Mount Ebenezer is in the center of Australia. Not many people live in “The center”. There are no schools with desks and blackboards and no teachers in “The center”. School is a room at home with a two-way radio. The teacher also has a two-way radio. Every morning she calls each student on the radio. When all the students answer her, lessons begin... Think of your teacher 300 miles away!

第二部分閱讀(共兩節,滿分50分)

第一節(共15小題;每小題2.5分,滿分37.5分)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、CD四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

A

Ways to Improve Vocabulary in Just One Day

The average American has a vocabulary in the thousands . Try these tricks to make sure yours builds up.

Watch movies

"If you see the movie version of your favourite book you're likely to have a deeper understanding and knowledge of the words in it," says Neuman, professor of Childhood and Literacy Education at New York University . "Seeing and reading something on the same topic is really important.”

Read magazines

If you want to improve vocabulary, don't just flip through your favourite magazine, really read it.

Listen to how words sound

Many people won't remember tricky words unless they come across them frequently. But if you hear a word that you think sounds interesting, you become word conscious(有意識的) and start using it yourself, says Neuman.

Join a book club

"Book clubs are a wonderful strategy to learn new words,” says Neuman. Not only will it force you to set aside time in your day to read, but it's also a good way to discover books you might not normally be drawn to.

Listen to the radio

Those types of programs can expose you to topics you may not be familiar with. Don't miss these middle school vocabulary words adults still don't know.

Pay attention to your surroundings

Next time walk down a busy street or take a walk in the park, try to describe what you're seeing as much as possible inside your head.

Read, read, read

Even if you don't stop to look up every single foreign word, chances are you can improve vocabulary simply by figuring out(想出) their meaning based on the context.

21How many tricks mentioned above are through hearing?

A1. B2. C3 D4.

22According to the passage, how will you find some special and unusual books?

ABy listening to the radio. BBy joining a book club.

CBy walking around. DBy watching movies.

23Where does this passage probably come from?

ATextbook. BScience report. CWebsite. DNovel.

【答案】

21B     22B     23C

【解析】

本文是一篇廣告布告類閱讀,屬于應用文。主要講述了提高詞匯量,積累詞匯的一些方法和技巧。

21.細節理解題。根據小標題“Listen to how words sound(聽單詞的發音)”“Listen to the radio(聽收音機)”可知有2條技巧提及了聽力方面。故選B。

22.細節理解題。根據小標題Join a book club部分中的“Not only will it force you to set aside time in your day to read, but it's also a good way to discover books you might not normally be drawn to.( 這不僅會迫使你在一天中留出時間來閱讀,而且也是一個發現你通常不會感興趣的書籍的好方法。)”可推知通過加入讀書俱樂部,你會找到一些特別和不尋常的書。故選B。

23.推理判斷題。閱讀全文,根據每個小標題可知文章主要講了提高詞匯量的方法和技巧。由此可推知本文可能來自相關詞匯學習的網站。故選C。

B

A new study suggests some of America’s favorite Independence Day fireworks can give out lead and copper (), which are used to give fireworks their vivid colors, and also damage human cells and animal lungs.

Led by researchers at NYU, the study showed poisonous levels of lead in the fireworks. Experiments showed that lung exposure to particle emissions (顆粒排放物) from five types of fireworks significantly increased oxidation (氧化), a chemical process in the body that can damage or even kill cells.

The researchers say the new study is believed to be the first to examine the effects of firework exposure in human cells and living animals, and to test for particles of common firework metals thrown into the atmosphere.

“While many are careful to protect themselves from injury from explosions, our results suggest that inhaling firework smoke may cause, longer-term physical damage, a risk that has been largely ignored,” says study senior author Terry Gordon, a professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine.

Gordon and his team also analyzed 14 air quality samples taken at dozens of sites across the US throughout each year. They found that levels of poisonous metals were higher in samples taken on Independence Day and New Year’s Eve celebrations than at any other time of the year. Along with lead, copper and other poisonous metals are commonly found in fireworks. “Our research shows that although we are only exposed to these poisonous substances for a short time each year, they are much more poisonous than the pollutants we breathe every day,” says Gordon.

Gordon cautions (警告) that the current investigation is the first step, only addressing the potential effects of one-time exposure to the firework metals. He says repeated exposure is likely a larger concern. Nevertheless, he is planning to share his findings with local health officials, firework producers, the Environmental Protection Agent, and other regulatory agents to alert them to the potential for harm.

24Why do some fireworks harm our health?

AThey are oxidized in the air.              BThey can give out harmful metals.

CThey are exposed to particle emissions.     DThey can melt chemical substances in the body.

25What does the underlined word “inhaling” in paragraph 4 mean?

ALetting out. BWorking out.

CTaking in. DBlowing off.

26What can we infer from Gordon’s research findings?

AFireworks are the main cause of air pollution.

BAir quality on New Year’s Eve is above normal.

CPeople breathe in poisonous air for a short time daily.

DAir pollution on Independence Day is worse than usual.

27What does Gordon intend to do with fireworks-related persons?

ARemind them not to set off fireworks.       BCaution them against producing metals.

CAlert them to the harm of the experiment.    DWarn them of the possible dangers of fireworks.

【答案】

24B    25C     26D     27D

【解析】

本文是一篇說明文。一項科學研究表明煙花燃燒釋放出的金屬元素會造成空氣污染,也會損害人類和動物的健康,同時還存在其他潛在危害。

24.細節理解題。根據文章第一段“A new study suggests some of America’s favorite Independence Day fireworks can give out lead and copper (), which are used to give fireworks their vivid colors, and also damage human cells and animal lungs.(一項新的研究表明,美國最受歡迎的一些獨立日煙火會釋放出鉛和銅,這兩種元素被用來使煙火呈現鮮艷的顏色,還會損害人體細胞和動物肺部)”可知,煙花對健康有害是因為燃放所釋放的有害金屬。故選B。

25.詞句猜測題。根據第四段劃線詞所在句“our results suggest that inhaling firework smoke may cause, longer-term physical damage, a risk that has been largely ignored(我們的研究結果表明,吸入煙花的煙霧可能會造成長期的身體損害,這一風險在很大程度上被忽略了)”中的“smoke煙霧可知,煙霧被吸入人體內才會造成傷害.由此推知,劃線詞inhaling表示吸入,與Taking in同義。故選C。

26.推理判斷題。根據文章倒數第二段第二句“They found that levels of poisonous metals were higher in samples taken on Independence Day and New Year’s Eve celebrations than at any other time of the year.(他們發現,在獨立日和新年前夕采集的樣本中,有毒金屬的含量比一年中其他任何時候都要高)”可推知,空氣污染在獨立日比平常更嚴重。故選D。

27.細節理解題。根據文章最后一句“Nevertheless, he is planning to share his findings with local health officials, firework producers, the Environmental Protection Agent, and other regulatory agents to alert them to the potential for harm.(然而,他計劃將他的發現與當地衛生官員、煙花生產商、環境保護機構和其他監管機構分享,提醒他們煙花的潛在危害)”可知,Gordon準備將發現結果告知與煙花相關的人員,告訴他們煙花可能帶來的危險。故選D。

C

As of 2020, the world's biggest lithium-ion (鋰離子) battery is hooked up to the Southern California power grid and can provide 250 million watts of power, or enough to power about 250,000 homes. But it's actually not the biggest battery in the world: these lakes are.

Wait - how can a pair of lakes be a battery? To answer that question, it helps to define a battery: it's simply something that stores energy and releases it on demand. The lithium-ion batteries that power our phones, laptops, and cars are just one type. They store energy in lithium ions.

How do the two lakes store and release energy? First, one is 300 meters higher than the other. Electricity power pumps that move billions of liters of water from the lower lake to the higher one. This stores the energy by giving the water extra gravitational potential energy. Then, when there's high demand for electricity, valves (閥門) open, releasing the stored energy by letting water flow downhill to power 6 giant turbines that can generate 3 billion watts of power for 10 hours.

Unfortunately, neither of the giant batteries we've talked about so far is big enough to power multiple cities. The two lakes setup requires specific geography, takes up a lot of land, and has high upfront costs to build. The giant lithium-ion battery in California can power about 250,000 homes, yes, but only for an hour. Lithium-ion batteries also require certain heavy metals to make. These resources are limited, and mining them causes environmental damage. Inventors all over the world are rising to the challenge of making batteries that can meet our needs - many of them even weirder than the two lakes.

28Why is the world's biggest lithium-ion battery mentioned in Paragraph 1?

ATo make a comparison.                   BTo introduce the topic.

CTo stress its importance.                  DTo declare a fact.

29Which statement is true according to the passage?

AWith the help of the pumps, the two lakes store energy.

BThe water flow by itself to release the stored energy.

CThe two lakes setup is able to power multiple cities.

DLithium-ion batteries are environmentally friendly.

30What will most probably be talked about in the following paragraph?

AInventors' worries. BInventors' efforts.

CStranger batteries. DNew challenges.

31Which is the best title for the passage?

ABattery Inventors Face New Challenges.

BThe World's Biggest Battery Looks Nothing Like a Battery

CGiant Batteries Fail to Meet Our Needs.

DNewly-invented Batteries.

【答案】

28B     29A     30C     31B

【解析】

這是一篇說明文。主要介紹了世界上最大的電池——湖泊構成的電池,并介紹了一些原理,提出一些要解決的問題。

28.推理判斷題。根據第一段最后一句“But it's actually not the biggest battery in the world: these lakes are.(但是這實際上并不是世界上最大的電池:這些湖泊才是)”以及第二段第一句“Wait - how can a pair of lakes be a battery?(等等——一對湖泊怎么能是一個電池呢)”可知,第一段提到最大的鋰電池的目的是為了引出下文要介紹的話題。故選B。

29.細節理解題。根據第三段“How do the two lakes store and release energy? First, one is 300 meters higher than the other. Electricity power pumps that move billions of liters of water from the lower lake to the higher one. This stores the energy by giving the water extra gravitational potential energy.(這兩個湖泊怎么儲存和釋放電力呢?首先,其中一個湖泊比另外一個高300米。電力泵裝置將數十億升的水從下游湖泊抽到上游湖泊。這個裝置通過給水額外的重力位能量來儲存能量)”可知,在電力泵的幫助下,湖泊儲存能量。故選A。

30.推理判斷題。根據最后一段最后一句“Inventors all over the world are rising to the challenge of making batteries that can meet our needs - many of them even weirder than the two lakes.(全世界各地的發明家們正在迎接挑戰,制造能夠滿足我們需求的電池——其中很多電池比兩個湖構成的電池更奇怪)”可知,接下來要介紹一些更奇怪的電池。故選C。

31.主旨大意題。根據第一段“But it's actually not the biggest battery in the world: these lakes are.(但是這實際上并不是世界上最大的電池:這些湖泊才是)”以及第二段句首“Wait - how can a pair of lakes be a battery?(等等——一對湖泊怎么能是一個電池呢?)”和第三段句首“How do the two lakes store and release energy?(這兩個湖泊是怎么儲存和釋放電能的)”可知,本文主要講述世界上最大的、看起來一點也不像電池的湖泊電池。故選B。

D

Many facts suggest that children are overweight and the situation is getting worse, according to the doctors. I feel there are a number of reasons for this.

Some people blame the fact that we are surrounded by shops selling unhealthy, fatty foods, such as fried chicken and ice cream, at low prices. This has turned out a whole generation of grown-ups who seldom cook a meal for themselves. If there were fewer of these restaurants, then probably children would buy less take-away food.

There is another argument that blames parents for allowing their children to become overweight. I agree with this, because good eating habits begin early in life, long before children start to visit fast food shops. If children are given fried chicken and chocolate rather than healthy food, or are always allowed to choose what they eat, they will go for sweet and salty foods every time, and this will carry on throughout their lives.

There is a third reason for this situation. Children these days take very little exercise. They do not walk to school. When they get home, they sit in front of the television or their computers and play computer games. Not only is this an unhealthy pastime (消遣), it also gives them time to eat more unhealthy food. What they need is to go outside and play active games or sports.

The above are the main reasons for this problem, and therefore we have to encourage young people to be more active, as well as steering them away from fast food shops and bad eating habits.

32According to the text, what kind of children may eat more unhealthy food?

AThose who often do sports BThose who often walk to school

CThose who often watch television DThose who often have meals at home

33The author thinks that children are becoming overweight because ________.

Atheir parents often cook meals for them     Bthey are too busy to go out and play

Cthey can't choose what to eat              Dthere are too many fast food shops around

34What does the underlined word "steering" in the last sentence most probably means?

Amoving Bforcing.

Cdriving Dguiding.

35The main purpose of the text is to ________.

Atell a story Bprovide facts

Cgive advice Dcompare opinions

【答案】

32C      33D     34C      35C

【解析】

這是一篇說明文。短文說明了兒童超重的情況正在惡化并分析了超重的原因。

32.細節理解題。根據第四段“There is a third reason for this situation. Children these days take very little exercise. They do not walk to school. When they get home, they sit in front of the television or their computers and play computer games. Not only is this an unhealthy pastime (消遣), it also gives them time to eat more unhealthy food.”可知,出現這種情況還有第三個原因?,F在的孩子很少鍛煉。他們不步行去學校。當他們回到家,他們坐在電視機或電腦前玩電腦游戲。這不僅是一種不健康的消遣,也讓他們有時間吃更多不健康的食物。由此可知,經??措娨暤暮⒆痈赡艹圆唤】档氖称?。故選C項。

33.推理判斷題。根據第二段“Some people blame the fact that we are surrounded by shops selling unhealthy, fatty foods, such as fried chicken and ice cream, at low prices. This has turned out a whole generation of grown-ups who seldom cook a meal for themselves.If there were fewer of these restaurants, then probably children would buy less take-away food.”可知,有人指責我們周圍都是低價出售炸雞、冰淇淋等不健康、高脂肪食品的商店。結果是整整一代的成年人很少為自己做飯。如果這些餐館少一點,那么孩子們可能會少買外賣食品。由此可知,作者認為孩子們變得超重是因為周圍快餐店太多了。故選D項。

34.詞句猜測題。根據最后一段“The above are the main reasons for this problem, and therefore we have to encourage young people to be more active”(以上是這個問題的主要原因,因此我們必須鼓勵年輕人更加積極)以及“fast food shops and bad eating habits.”(快餐店和不良的飲食習慣)可知,同時引導他們遠離快餐店和不良的飲食習慣。因此劃線詞的意思是驅使。故選C項。

35.推理判斷題。短文說明了兒童超重的情況正在惡化并分析了超重的原因。再根據最后一段“The above are the main reasons for this problem, and therefore we have to encourage young people to be more active, as well as steering them away from fast food shops and bad eating habits.”可知,以上是這個問題的主要原因,因此我們必須鼓勵年輕人更加積極,同時引導他們遠離快餐店和不良的飲食習慣。由此判斷出短文的目的是給出建議。故選C項。

第二節(共5小題;每小題2.5分,滿分12.5分)

根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。

Ways to Improve Your Health

Sometimes it may seem difficult to improve our health. If so, the following health habits may help you.

___36___

Research shows that eating a meal in the morning results in less body fat and less chance of overeating. Eating breakfast can help people feel better physically and mentally through the day.

●Get enough sleep.

Poor sleep can influence our memory and learning.   ___37___ Studies show that people who don't get enough sleep seem to get into more accidents. So stay safe and get enough sleep!

●Take a walk every day.

___38___   Instead of meeting friends for a meal, meet them for a walk. As you walk, you will see the beautiful world around you. Once you try, you will find that adding a walk into your daily life is very easy.

●Make social connections.

Social groups can provide support. They might include sport teams, art or music groups. The people in the group can offer advice and can help each other in difficult times. Also, being in a group keeps your mind busy. ___39___

●Have a hobby.

A hobby could be running, reading or making something with your hands. Hobbies help people to relax and rest. Hobbies bring us joy. ___40___

AGet much exercise.

BEat breakfast every morning.

CIt can also cause traffic accidents!

DAn active mind is a healthy mind!

ESpending time with others is very helpful.

FEveryone could get a little more joy in their lives!

GWalking is an easy way to add exercise to our lives.

【答案】

36B     37C     38G     39D     40F

【解析】

這是一篇應用文。文章主要介紹如何改善我們的身體狀況,并提出了五條改善健康狀況的習慣。一、每天吃早飯;二、有足夠睡眠;三、每天散步;四、參加社會組織;五、培養一種愛好。有了這幾條建議,我們就能保持一個健康的體魄。

36.該空處需選擇段落小標題。該段提到“Research shows that eating a meal in the morning results in less body fat and less chance of overeating.”(研究表明,在早上吃一頓飯可以減少體脂,減少暴飲暴食的機會。)可知,要每天早上吃早餐,此處需選擇該段落的小標題,且該段中還提到吃早餐的好處。BEat breakfast every morning.(每天早上吃早餐)與該段中的關鍵詞Eating breakfast一致,符合該段大意,故選B。

37.該段提到“Studies show that people who don't get enough sleep seem to get into more accidents.”(研究表明,睡眠不足的人似乎更容易出事故。)可知睡眠不足會導致交通事故,C項提到“traffic accidents”(交通事故)符合該段睡眠不足容易出事故的段落大意,起到承上啟下的作用。故選C。

38.該空處需選擇段首句。該段提到每天多走路對身體健康的好處。同時該段小標題為“Take a walk every day.”(每天散步),由此判斷段首句應與walking有關。G項提到“Walking is an easy way to add exercise to our lives.”(散步是在我們的生活中增加鍛煉的一種簡單方法。)符合該段大意。故選G。

39.該空處需選擇段尾句,對該段內容進行總結。該段提到“Social groups can provide support”(社會團體可以提供支持。),且根據該段標題“Make social connections”(建立社會關系)可知,該段闡述社會關系在保持身心健康方面的作用。該段倒數第二句提到“Also, being in a group keeps your mind busy.”(在社團中也能讓你的大腦忙碌起來。)D項中An active mind(一個活躍的思想)與keeps your mind busy(讓你的大腦忙碌起來)意思相近,該選項符合段意。故選D。

40.該空處需選擇段尾句,對該段內容進行總結。根據前文Hobbies help people to relax and restHobbies bring us joy(愛好有助于人們放松和休息。愛好給我們帶來歡樂)可知,每個人都能在生活中得到更多的快樂,F“Everyone could get a little more joy in their lives!”(每個人都可以在他們的生活中得到更多的快樂!)與前文內容意思相近,符合段意。故選F。

 

第三部分語言運用(共兩節,滿分30分)

第一節(共15小題;每小題1分,滿分15分)

閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、CD四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。

The word “hobby” is an interesting ____41____. People usually do what they like in their own ____42____ time. That is “hobby”. Many people have their own ____43____.They keep pets, collect coins or travel a lot. They think hobbies can bring them happiness and they can help people ____44____ after their daily work. Almost everyone has many hobbies. Hobbies are good for our life. Hobbies can ____45____ us friendship and knowledge. Everyone should have hobbies. Everyone has ____46____ hobbies. Some people like going hiking. Some people like watching TV. Tom, what is my hobby? Right! I like ____47____ books. When I am free, I like reading all kinds of books. I think doing some reading is a good ____48____ as well as a nice hobby. Reading books can bring me ____49____. I can learn a lot about sports, news, stories and so on. I think we can make friends _______50_______ books. Reading books is good for our _______51_______. It can’t help us know more about our    

_______52_______. But some books are bad for us, so we should read good books. If you don‘t like reading, you will be out of _______53_______. Maybe many people _______54_______ my interests. Reading books can make us cleverer. Books are our best _______55_______. I hope more and more people will read books every day.

41Astory Bgame Cword Djoke

42Aday Bwork Cgolden Dspare

43Acareers Bhobbies Ctimes Dideas

44Arelax Brest Cbreathe Dsleep

45Atake Bbring Cfetch Dget

46Adifferent Bsame Cdifficult Dsimilar

47Awriting Blooking Cwatching Dreading

48Amanner Bway Chabit Dmethods

49Amoney Bknowledge Chappiness Dstrength

50Awith Bto Cabout Dfor

51Ahealth Bfamily Cschool Dstudy

52Afuture Bsurrounding Ccountry Dworld

53Aworld Bfashion Cquestion Dcontrol

54Ashare Breject Cagree Ddouble

55Atreasure Brelations Cfriends Dthings

【答案】

41C42D43B44A45B46A47D48C49B50A51D52D53B54A55C

【解析】

這是一篇議論文。文章主要講了愛好在我們生活中的重要性,進而講到讀書的重要性和書籍帶給我們的樂趣,作者鼓勵我們每個人都應該培養讀書的愛好。

41.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:“hobby”這個詞是很有趣的一個單詞。A. story故事;B. game游戲;C. word單詞;D. joke玩笑。根據“The word “hobby” is an interesting”可知,此處表示“hobby”這個詞是很有趣的一個單詞。故選C項。

42.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:人們通常在業余時間做他們喜歡做的事。A. day天;B. work工作;C. golden金色的;D. spare業余的。根據“That is “hobby”.”及常識可知,興趣就是人們在業余時間做的事情。故選D項。

43.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:許多人都有他們自己的愛好。A. careers職業;B. hobbies愛好;C. times次數;D. ideas主意。根據“They keep pets, collect coins or travel a lot.”可知,此處說明每個人都有自己的愛好,并且在下文舉例說明。故選B項。

44.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:他們認為愛好可以給他們帶來快樂,他們可以幫助人們在日常工作之后放松。A. relax放松;B. rest休息;C. breathe呼吸;D. sleep睡覺。根據空前“hobbies can bring them happiness”及空后“after their daily work”可知,愛好可以幫助人們在日常工作之后放松。故選A項。

45.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:愛好可以帶給我們友誼和知識。A. take帶走;B. bring帶來;C. fetch去取來;D. get得到。根據空后“us friendship and knowledge”及常識可知,此處表示愛好可以帶給我們友誼和知識。故選B項。

46.考查形容詞詞義辨析。句意:每個人有不同的愛好。A. different不同的;B. same相同的;C. difficult困難的;D. similar相似的。根據下文“Some people like going hiking. Some people like watching TV.”可知,此處表明每個人有不同的愛好。故選A項。

47.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:我喜歡讀書。A. writing寫;B. looking看;C. watching觀看;D. reading讀。根據下文“When I am free, I like reading all kinds of books.”可知,此處表示作者喜歡讀書。故選D項。

48.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:我認為閱讀是一個好習慣,也是一個不錯的愛好。A. manner方式;B. way方法;C. habit習慣;D. methods方法。根據空后“as well as a nice hobby.”可知,作者認為閱讀是一個好習慣。故選C項。

49.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:閱讀可以帶給我知識。A. money金錢;B. knowledge知識;C. happiness快樂;D. strength力量。根據下文“I can learn a lot about sports, news, stories and so on.”可知,閱讀可以帶來知識,下文中進行了具體說明。故選B項。

50.考查介詞詞義辨析。句意:我認為我們可以和書做朋友。A. with和;B. to到;C. about關于;D. for對于。根據空前“we can make friends”可知,此處是固定短語make friends with表示……做朋友,意為我們可以和書做朋友。故選A項。

51.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:閱讀對我們的學習有好處。A. health健康;B. family家庭;C. school學校;D. study學習。根據“Reading books is good for our”及常識可知,此處表示閱讀對我們的學習有好處。故選D項。

52.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:它可以幫我們更好地了解我們的世界。A. future未來;B. surrounding環境;C. country國家;D. world世界。根據上文“I can learn a lot about sports, news, stories and so on.”可知,此處指閱讀可以幫我們更好地了解我們的世界。故選D項。

53

考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:如果你不喜歡讀書,你就會落伍。A. world世界;B. fashion時尚;C. question問題;D. control控制。根據語境可知,此處是固定短語out of fashion意為落伍,此處表示如果你不喜歡讀書,你就會落伍。故選B項。

54.考查動詞詞義辨析。句意:也許很多人和我有共同的興趣。A. share分享;B. reject拒絕;C. agree同意;D. double加倍。根據下文“Reading books can make us cleverer.”及選項可知,此處表示也許很多人和我有共同的興趣。故選A項。

55.考查名詞詞義辨析。句意:書籍是我們最好的朋友。A. treasure財富;B. relations關系;C. friends朋友;D. things東西。根據上文“we can make friends   50   books.”可知,此處表示書籍是我們最好的朋友。故選C項。

第二節(共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

 According to a report released by the United Nations, there were 815 million undernourished(營養不良的)people in the world in 2016. Yet, 1.3 billion tons of food ____56____wasteevery year around the world, which is about one-third of all food produced each year, according to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization.

____57____geta better understanding of different countries’ food waste problems, the Economist Intelligence Unit recently surveyed 34 nations according to their food system sustainability(可持續性). According to the report,France topped the list of food sustainability,followed by Japan and Germany.

The____58____performof these countries is largely related to their policies to deal with food waste. For example,France was the first country to pass laws to ban(禁止)food waste. In France, it's illegal for supermarkets to throw away____59____sellfood, and French restaurants must provide doggy bags for people's leftovers.

Germany is trying to deal with the problem by reforming expiration dates(到期日). “We found in our study that many people believed they should throw away products____60____the `best before' date has expired,” Martin Kranert, chair of Stuttgart University's waste management department, told Deutsche Welle. “This is not at all case, and such a lack of knowledge is the first thing ____61____has to change.”

Some countries are still falling behind when it comes to ____62____preventfood waste, however. For example, the United Arab Emirates wastes the most food, with each of its citizens throwing away about 1,000 kilograms every year ____63____average.

China has been working hard to reduce food waste. In early 2013, the country's Clean Your Plate Campaign started, ____64____encouragepeople not to waste anything on their plate.

“If people are more aware of the amount of food waste they produce and everyone plays a role in reducing their personal food waste, we can do ____65____wellas a community,” Joyce Chan from the Foodlink Foundation, a Hong Kong charity dedicated to reducing food waste, told China Daily.

【答案】

56is wasted       57To get       58performance       59unsold       60if/once

61that          62preventing    63on               64encouraging   65better

【解析】

這是一篇說明文。文章主要講述了當今社會食物浪費仍然是一個嚴重的問題。

【詳解】

56.考查動詞時態和語態。句意:然而,全世界每年有13億噸食物被浪費。分析可知,設空處為主句謂語動詞,主語“1.3 billion tons of food”為單數,和動詞waste之間是被動關系;根據時間狀語“every year”可知,應該用一般現在時,故填is wasted。

57.考查非謂語動詞。句意:為了更好的理解不同國家的食物浪費問題, 經濟學人智庫最近調查了34個國家根據他們的食物系統可持續性。分析句子可知,空處為非謂語動詞,表示目的,應用不定式。故填To get。

58.考查名詞。句意:這些國家的表現很大程度上與它們處理糧食浪費的政策有關。根據空前The和空后的of可知,此空應該填名詞,由is可知應用單數名詞。故填performance。

59.考查形容詞。句意:在法國,超市丟棄未售出的食物是違法的,法國餐館必須為人們的剩飯提供打包袋。根據后文“people's leftovers”可知,此空指的是沒有賣出去的食物,應該填形容詞unsold修飾food,故填unsold。

60.考查連詞。句意:我們在研究中發現,很多人認為他們應該扔掉產品如果(一旦)過了最好的保質期。分析句子可知,此處應該填寫連詞,意為如果或者一旦,表示條件,故填if/once。

61.考查定語從句。句意:事實并非如此,缺乏知識是必須改變的第一件事。分析可知,設空處引導定語從句,先行詞thingthe first修飾,且在從句中充當主語,應用關系代詞that。故填that。

62.考查非謂語動詞。句意: 然而,在防止食物浪費方面,一些國家仍然落后。When it comes to…為固定短語,意為當談到……,當提到……”,其中to為介詞,后應該填動名詞,故填preventing。

63.考查介詞。句意:例如,阿拉伯聯合酋長國是浪費食物最多的國家,每個公民平均每年浪費約1000公斤食物。on average為固定搭配,意為平均,故填on。

64.考查非謂語動詞。句意:2013年初,國家發起了光盤活動,鼓勵人們不要浪費盤子里的任何東西。分析句子可知,此處應用非謂語動詞作伴隨狀語,邏輯主語Clean Your Plate Campaignencourage之間為主動關系,應用現在分詞。故填encouraging。

65.考查副詞詞比較級。句意:如果人們更加意識到自己產生的食物浪費量,并且每個人都在減少個人食物浪費方面發揮作用,我們作為一個社區可以做得更好。根據句中“If people are more aware of”可知,此處表示比較級,故填better。

第四部分寫作(共兩節,滿分40分)

第一節(滿分15分)

 假設你是李華,你的美國筆友Jack正在為即將到來的考試焦慮不已,嚴重影響了生活和學習,為此寫信向你求助。根據以下要點,用英語給他回一封信,提出一些建議。

1. 制定復習計劃,樹立信心。

2. 多與老師和同學談心。

3. 堅持鍛煉身體

4. 保持良好睡眠。

注意:寫作詞數100詞左右;可適當增加細節,以使行文連貫;

Dear Jack,

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

【答案】Dear Jack,

I am sorry to hear that you feel extremely nervous before an important exam. I’d like to give you some advice.

Firstly, make careful plans before exams to master what you have learned completely. It will help you build up your confidence. Secondly, take proper exercise regularly, which will help you keep healthy and energetic.What’s more, you can talk with your teachers or classmates after class. Last but not least, don’t stay up late studying. It is very important to have a good sleep at night if you want to be energetic during the day.

I would appreciate it if you could take my suggestions into consideration.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

【解析】

【分析】

本篇書面表達屬于應用文。要求考生給美國筆友Jack回一封信,就他考試焦慮問題的求助給出合理建議。

【詳解】

1.詞匯積累

建議:advice→suggestions/tips

適當的:proper→appropriate

此外:What’s more → Besides/In addition

重要的:important→ essential

2.句式拓展

簡單句變復合句

原句:I’d like to give you some advice.

拓展句:I’d like to give you some advice that helped me a lot when I faced exams.

【點睛】

【高分句型1Firstly, make careful plans before exams to master what you have learned completely.   (運用了what引導的賓語從句)

【高分句型2It is very important to have a good sleep at night if you want to be energetic during the day. (運用了if引導的狀語從句及It作形式主語)

第二節(滿分25分)

閱讀下面材料,根據其內容和所給段落開頭語續寫兩段,使之構成一篇完整的短文。

Deep in the forest, my husband and I had fun climbing over and crawling under the downed trees that blocked the dirt path before us. It was May, yet we walked up a snow-covered hill. When we noticed our jeans were wet up to our knees, it did not dampen our spirits Not once did we say, “Let’s turn around.” This was our vacation, and we were on an adventure. Little did we know this was the beginning of many more surprises.

The trail was marked as an easy one-kilometer like yet we were already walking a long distance. Our light-heartedness stopped when we came out into a clearing and saw a parking lot without our rental car in it. As my eyes scanned the surroundings, nothing looked familiar. My heart raced. I realized we were lost in a national park that did not officially open for another week.

Usually, I am the calm one in the relationship, but my husband surprised me with his calmness. This did not comfort me; in fact, it heightened my fear. As we walked, I asked my husband to call for help, but there was no cell-phone signal in this isolated(偏僻的)area.

It was awfully quiet except for our footsteps hitting the road, and my heavy breathing. My husband suggested we conserve energy and walk slower. With each step on the road, my feet and thighs hurt while my mind raced with thoughts about people who got lost in the Canadian woods for days.

My vision sharpened. I noticed everything around me: the trees, rocks and snow. I thought we could eat the snow on the ground in case we needed water. For the first time in my life, I was ready and willing to get a ride, but we did not meet with a single car on the road. Silently, I prayed multiple times. We focused on each other, made joint decisions and connected through gratitude. We managed to stay on the main road and walked straight on.

Paragraph 1:

My husband suddenly spotted a small building on a hill in the distance._____________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

Just then, a friendly woman appeared, saying, “Hello.”_________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】One possible version

Paragraph 1

My husband suddenly spotted a small building on a hill in the distance. In no time we found ourselves heading for it. We were filled with hope and excitement to find such a building in the middle of nowhere. We climbed up the hill at a swinging pace as if all the pains were gone. As we approached, a sign came into sight, which read: Administration Office. However, it was not open for business. The empty hall made us nervous all at once. We stood there hopelessly, wondering what to do next.

Paragraph 2

Just then, a friendly woman appeared, saying, “Hello.” I could barely hold back my enthusiasm and blurted out, “Were lost!” She comforted us and opened a room for us to take a break. Seeing we were cold and hungry, she treated us with hot chocolate. After studying the map, we figured out that our car was parked over three kilometers away. She offered us a ride back to our car and we accepted gladly. I felt relieved to see our rental car again. What a blessing to have such an unforgettable experience

【解析】

【分析】

本文以人物為線索展開,作者和丈夫正深入森林深處探險,這時,他們注意到租的車看不見了,意識到在森林里迷路之后,作者變得非常緊張,但他們只能保持鎮定,繼續行走在主干道上,希望遇到過路的車輛或行人以便求助。

【詳解】

1.段落續寫:

由第一段首句內容我丈夫突然發現遠處山上有一座小建筑。可知,第一段可描寫作者和丈夫滿懷希望地奔向那座小建筑的情形。

由第二段首句內容就在這時,一位友善的女士出現了,她說:你好。可知,第二段可描寫作者和丈夫得到這位善良女士的幫助,最終找到租的車并脫險。

2.續寫線索:發現小建筑——欣喜趕到——無人回應——出現女士——提供幫助——安全返回

3.詞匯激活

行為類

前往:head for/proceed to

脫口而出:blurt out/plump out

發現:make out/spot

情緒類

激動:thrilled/excited

感謝:show one’s gratitude/be grateful

【點睛】

[高分句型1]. We climbed up the hill at a swinging pace as if all the pains were gone.as if引導的狀語從句中的虛擬語氣)

[高分句型2]. As we approached, a sign came into sight, which read: Administration Office.as引導的時間狀語從句;which引導的非限制性定語從句)

[高分句型3]. After studying the map, we figured out that our car was parked over three kilometers away.that引導的賓語從句)

已預覽100%,下載查看需要登錄哦~

展開全文
資料下載
年級科目:

登錄后下載

相關推薦
相關標簽
版權所有?西安文達職業高級中學,西安文達職業高級中學網編輯部維護,電子信箱: 750874453@qq.com
Copyright 2008-2022 www.unstoppablearabians.com. All rights reserved.
招生入口
精品熟人妻一区二区三区四区不_国产一级无码视频_91在线无码精品秘 蜜桃免费_国产精品免费久久久久软件